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Sexual patterns of prebreeding energy reserves in the common frog Rana temporaria along a latitudinal gradient
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). (MABH)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1732-0372
Finland.
Finland.
Uppsala University.
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2009 (English)In: Ecography, ISSN 0906-7590, E-ISSN 1600-0587, Vol. 32, no 5, 831-839 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ability to store energy is an important life history trait for organisms facing long periods without energy income, and in particular for capital breeders such as temperate zone amphibians, which rely on stored energy during reproduction. However, large scale comparative studies of energy stores in populations with different environmental constraints on energy allocation are scarce. We investigated energy storage patterns in spring (after hibernation and before reproduction) in eight common frog (Rana temporaria) populations exposed to different environmental conditions along a 1600 km latitudinal gradient across Scandinavia (range of annual activity period 3-7 months). Analyses of lean body weight (eviscerated body mass), weight of fat bodies, liver weight, and liver fat content, showed that (i) post-hibernation/pre-breeding energy stores increased with increasing latitude in both sexes, (ii) males generally had larger energy reserves than females and (iii) the difference in energy stores between sexes decreased towards the north. Larger energy reserves towards the north can serve as a buffer against less predictable and/or less benign weather conditions during the short activity period, and may also represent a risk-averse tactic connected with a more pronounced iteroparous life history. In females, the continuous and overlapping vitellogenic activity in the north may also demand more reserves in early spring. The general sexual difference could be a consequence of the fact that, at the time of our sampling, females had already invested their energy into reproduction in the given year (i.e. their eggs were already ovulated), while the males' main reproductive activities (e.g. calling, mate searching, sexual competition) occurred later in the season.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 32, no 5, 831-839 p.
Keyword [en]
Energy storage, rana temporaria, life history, adaptation
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-5592DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2009.05352.xISI: 000270311000013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-5592DiVA: diva2:283453
Available from: 2009-12-28 Created: 2009-12-28 Last updated: 2017-02-23Bibliographically approved

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Jönsson, K. Ingemar
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Avdelningen för NaturvetenskapResearch environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH)
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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Language
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