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Explanation of normative declines in parents' knowledge about their adolescent children
Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education. (Kunskapsgruppen psykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5233-2467
2010 (English)In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 33, no 2, 271-284 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to explain why parental knowledge of adolescents’ whereabouts declines with age. Such an investigation is important because previous studies have established an association between behavior problems and low levels of parental knowledge. A time-sequential sample comprising 2415 adolescents aged 13–18 years was investigated on five annual occasions. Each year, parental knowledge declined by .10 SD. Adolescents’ establishment of a private sphere (less disclosure; defiance) was the most important mediator of age effects on knowledge. Taken together, declining parental control and the establishment of a private sphere explained 37.5% of the age-related decline in knowledge. Parental control was, however, not a significant predictor any longer when disclosure and defiance were controlled for. Results also revealed that some of the mediating variables were stronger in early-to-mid adolescence. Other variables appeared to slow the age-related decline, especially in mid-to-late adolescence. These variables are therefore interpreted as parents’ and adolescents’ attempts to balance autonomy development and connectedness. If this balancing fails, adolescent behavior problems might arise along with low levels of parental knowledge early on.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 33, no 2, 271-284 p.
Keyword [en]
parent child relations, parent child communication, adolescent development, parental knowledge, monitoring, autonomy development, childrearing practices
Keyword [sv]
föräldrabarnrelationer, föräldrabarnkommunikation, ungdomars utveckling, föräldrars kunskap, monitoring, autonomiutveckling, uppfostranspraktiker
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-5585DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2009.08.002ISI: 000276665900003PubMedID: 19782392OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-5585DiVA: diva2:282806
Projects
10-to-18 study, Örebro University
Available from: 2009-12-21 Created: 2009-12-21 Last updated: 2015-02-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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