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Development and quality analysis of the Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS)
Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. (Tema Människa Hälsa Samhälle, Folkhälsovetenskap)
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. (Tema Människa Hälsa Samhälle, Fokhälsovetenskap)
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. (Tema Människa Hälsa Samhälle, Folkhälsovetenskap)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9283-5096
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
2010 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 153-161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Instruments related to work are commonly illuminated from an ill-health perspective. The need for a concise and useable instrument in workplace health promotion governed the aim of this paper which is to present the development process and quality assessment of the Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS). A survey, using a questionnaire based on established theories regarding work and health, and a focus group study were performed in hospital settings in 2005 and 2006 respectively. A Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used to statistically develop a model, and focus group interviews were made to compare quantitative and qualitative results for convergence and corroboration. The PCA resulted in a six factor model of dimensions containing items regarding management, reorganization, internal work experience, pressure of time, autonomy and supportive working conditions. In the analysis of the focus group study three themes appeared and their underlying content was compared to, and matched, with the dimensions of the PCA. The reliability, shown by weighted kappa values, ranged from 0.36 to 0.71, and adequate Cronbach's Alpha values of the dimensions were all above 0.7. The study validity, indicated by discriminant validity, with correlation values that ranged from 0.10 to 0.39, in relation to the content validity appeared to be good when the theoretical content of the WEMS was compared to the content of similar instruments. The WEMS presents a multidimensional picture of work experience. Its theoretical base and the psychometric properties give support for applicability and offer a possibility to measure trends in the work experience over time in health care settings. One intention of the WEMS is to stimulate the ability of organizations and the employees themselves to take action on improving their work experience. The conciseness of the instrument is intended to increase its usability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 35, no 2, p. 153-161
Keywords [sv]
Work, experience, measurement, scale
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-5526DOI: 10.3233/WOR-2010-0967ISI: 000275284100006PubMedID: 20164610OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-5526DiVA, id: diva2:281092
Projects
Sluta Plåstra - Hälsoskapande arbetsplatser inom hälso- och sjukvårdenAvailable from: 2009-12-14 Created: 2009-12-14 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Enhance your workplace!: a dialogue tool for workplace health promotion with salutogenic approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enhance your workplace!: a dialogue tool for workplace health promotion with salutogenic approach
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to develop and make a quality assessment of a tool, which includes a questionnaire and a dialogue process that could be useful for workplace health promotion from a salutogenic point of view. The studies have been performed within two health care organizations between 2005 and 2009, together with hospital staff. Two questionnaire studies were conducted (n=446 n=505, respectively). A focus group interview study was performed (n=78), and meetings were held in an action research process for applying a questionnaire process at two wards (n=69). The result shows a development process for a multi-dimensional questionnaire, the Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS), which can be used to measure work experiences from a salutogenic perspective. WEMS was shown to be a functional workplace health promotion questionnaire with the ability to discriminate between groups. Its psychometric properties support its applicability in health care settings and offer a possibility to measure trends over time regarding employees´ work experiences. A dialogue structure for progress in the questionnaire process is presented. It describes what to precede and how to proceed through a workplace questionnaire process to foster applicability, meaningfulness, and sustainability. Through WEMS, the outcome of work-related Specific Enhancing Resources (SER) may be highlighted and strengthened in workplace activities. When used as a dialogue tool in a continuous questionnaire process, WEMS has the potential of being a useful assessment tool in workplace health promotion. Such a dialogue tool is useful in discussions and tangible for the work of enhancing positive human capabilities and resources (SER) that improve work performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Institution of Clinical Science, Malmö, Lund University, 2010. p. 159
Series
Lund University, Faculty of Medicine Doctoral Dissertation Series, ISSN 1652-8220 ; 2010:112
Keywords
workplace health promotion, Salutogenesis, Sense of Coherence, Work Experience Measurement Scale, Specific Enhancing Resources, questionnaire process
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-7484 (URN)978-91-86671-28-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-11-19, Jubileumsaulan, Medicinskt forskningscentrum, ingång 59, SUS, Malmö, 09:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-12-02 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2014-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, PetraBringsén, ÅsaAndersson, H. IngemarEjlertsson, Göran

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Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS)Avdelningen för HälsovetenskapSchool of Health and Society
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Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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