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The role of milk in Swedish pre-school children's diet
Department of Domestic Sciences, Uppsala University. (Mat- och måltidsvetenskap)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9663-5390
Intemational Child Health, Uppsala University.
Department of Domestic Sciences, Uppsala University.
2001 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, Vol. 45, 131-136 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: A pre-school-based dietary survey, was carried out in Sweden in the Stockholm area. The aim was to study the role of milk in pre-school children's diet, especially the effect of milk versus water as lunch beverage at pre-school. Design: Food and nutrient intake were quantified using seven day-records in order to compare two serving systems at pre-schools, one offering milk as lunch beverage, the other water and to analyse the quality of the diet of low and high consumers of milk. Results: No significant differences between the children's food, nutrient or energy intake were attributable to the serving system at the pre-school. The low milk consumers had a more even distribution of energy intake from different food groups than did the high milk consumers. Conclusions: This comparative study has provided no evidence to support the selection of water versus milk as a preferable lunch beverage in terms of pre-school children's total milk consumption and general dietary quality. The dietary analyses showed that there might be a reason to limit pre-school children's daily milk and fermented milk intake to half a litre if the refined sugar level is limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 45, 131-136 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, energy, milk, nutrient, pre-school, water
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-5418OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-5418DiVA: diva2:279888
Available from: 2009-12-07 Created: 2009-12-07 Last updated: 2016-04-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Pre-school children's food habits and meal situation: factors influencing the dietary intake at pre-school in a Swedish municipality
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pre-school children's food habits and meal situation: factors influencing the dietary intake at pre-school in a Swedish municipality
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A pre-school-based dietary survey, using seven-day records, focus group interviews and semi-structured interviews, was carried out in a suburban area of Stockholm. The overall objective was to investigate the individual food and nutrient intake of pre-school children at all meals during the day, as well as factors that might influence children’s intake. The average energy and nutrient intake per day for the whole week was satisfactory for the 109 pre-school children, but the temporal distribution throughout the day was skewed. The energy and nutrient intakes of food at the pre-school were lower than recommended. This was, however, compensated for by meals eaten at home. The children had a more varied food intake during weekdays than weekend days. This study has not provided any evidence to support the selection of water versus milk as a preferable lunch beverage in terms of pre-school children's total milk consumption and general dietary quality. However, the dietary analyses showed that there could be a reason to limit pre-school children’s daily milk and fermented milk intake to half a litre, according to the existing guidelines. The children associated food and eating with rules and norms. They did not categorise food as good or bad, as adults often do, but as "food" and "non-food"; for example, sweets were not food. The method used in this study, the focus group interview, was judged to be a useful tool for exploring how children think about and jointly reflect upon food. The role of the teacher had changed over the past years and they had not yet found a solid ground for integrating food and meals into their everyday work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis :, 2002. 64 p.
Series
Comprehensive summaries of Uppsala dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0282-7492 ; 114
Keyword
Nutrition, förskolebarn, mat och matvanor, Sverige
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6212 (URN)91-554-5240-X (ISBN)
Public defence
(English)
Note
Diss. (sammanfattning) Uppsala : Univ., 2002Available from: 2010-03-03 Created: 2010-02-18 Last updated: 2010-12-07Bibliographically approved

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