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Predictors of strong sense of coherence and positive attitudes to physical education in adolescents
Kristianstad University, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
Department of Psychology, Lund University.
2005 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 33, no 5, 334-342 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS: The aim of this study was to find variables related to positive attitudes to physical education (PE) and strong sense of coherence (SOC) among adolescents. METHODS: The study included three parts: seven physical tests; a questionnaire which included ways of living, attitudes to PE, and subjective health, the 13-question version of SOC; and information on every student's grades. The study group comprised 301 teenagers (131 girls and 170 boys, aged 16-19 years) attending upper secondary school. Positive odds ratio was used in the logistic regression analyses with SOC and attitudes to PE as dependent variables. RESULTS: Variables related to positive attitudes to PE were strong SOC, high physical capacity, high leisure-time physical activity (PA), high grades in PE, and little time spent watching TV. Variables related to strong SOC were positive attitudes to PE, high grades in PE, very good subjective health, and feeling comfortable in school. Highest physical capacity, highest mean grades, and highest grades in PE were found among adolescents who reported exercise four times or more per week. CONCLUSIONS: An interrelation between attitudes to PE and SOC was shown. The relation between positive attitudes to PE and high scores in SOC indicated that past experiences of PA and PE could contribute to the development of SOC, and actual levels of SOC could influence the persistent attitudes to PE and be important for lifelong PA. One means of identification of favourable or unfavourable health behaviour among young people might be through PA patterns, and relations between attitudes to PE and SOC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 33, no 5, 334-342 p.
Keyword [en]
adolescence, enjoyment, physical activity, physical education, physical fitness, positive attitudes, sense of coherence ( SOC), subjective health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-5353DOI: 10.1080/14034940510005833ISI: 000232467300002PubMedID: 16265800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-5353DiVA: diva2:279556
Available from: 2009-12-04 Created: 2009-12-04 Last updated: 2013-06-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Young today - adult tomorrow!: studies on physical status, physical activity, attitudes, and self-perception in children and adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young today - adult tomorrow!: studies on physical status, physical activity, attitudes, and self-perception in children and adolescents
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim was to gain knowledge of young people's physical status and physical activity, and to further the understanding of the role of school physical education in a salutogenic public health perspective. Two studies were performed in southern Sweden. Study 1 was performed in 1996 among 301 adolescents aged 16-19 in upper secondary school. It comprised three parts: a questionnaire, seven physical tests, anthropometrical measures and information on every student's grades. Study 2, with a longitudinal design and annual measurements, was performed in 2000-2003 (n=205- 275) among children aged 6-12 in two primary schools, one intervention school with expanded physical education lessons, and one norm school which followed the stipulated curricular time. The study comprised a questionnaire, eleven physical tests and anthropometrical measures. In Study 1, students in practical education for occupations such as industrial and building workers, mechanics, assistant nurses and hairdressers, all of which are occupations involving physical effort, had lower physical capacity than students in theoretical education among both boys and girls. A correlation was found between physical capacity and grades. An interrelation between Sense of Coherence (SOC) and attitudes to physical education was found, indicating that past experiences of physical activity and physical education could contribute to the development of SOC, and actual levels of SOC could influence the persistent attitudes to physical education and be important for lifelong physical activity. Study 2 showed high self perceived competence in physical education among children to be associated with high physical performance, male gender, low age, living with both parents, high self perceived physical fitness and enjoying physical education. Children who followed an expanded physical education programme during the three-year follow up showed positive changes in physical performance compared to children in the norm school. The number of children with increasing body mass index (BMI) rose in both schools, but a lower increase in BMI could be seen in the intervention school. In both Study 1 and 2, the highest physical capacity was found among children and adolescents who reported a high level of physical activity in leisure time. This thesis shows it is possible to achieve improvement in physical status among young people with an increase of physical education lessons in school. Differences in physical capacity between prospective blue-collar and white-collar workers already in adolescence during education emphasize the need for early interventions to increase physical activity and capacity in young people. Physical education in the school setting could be seen as an important arena for improving physical capacity, positive self-perceptions and positive attitudes to physical activity, which could be important for public health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, 2006. 126 p.
Series
Lund University, Faculty of Medicine doctoral dissertation series, ISSN 1652-8220 ; 2006:51
Keyword
Hälsofrämjande arbete, Ungdomar, hälsa, Skolidrott
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6223 (URN)91-85481-76-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
(English)
Note
Diss. Lund : Lunds universitet, 2006 S. 1-76: sammanfattning, s. 77-126: 4 uppsatserAvailable from: 2010-03-03 Created: 2010-02-18 Last updated: 2010-03-03Bibliographically approved

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Sollerhed, Ann-ChristinEjlertsson, Göran
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Department of Humanities and Social SciencesAvdelningen för HälsovetenskapForskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS)
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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