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När njuren sviker: Patienters upplevelse av dialysbehandling och väntan på transplantation
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Antalet patienter i behov av njurtransplantation per år är cirka 400-500, varav endast cirka 350 kommer att bli transplanterade. Bristen på organ är tydligt framträdande. I väntan på transplantation behöver patienten dialysbehandling, vilket ofta upplevs vara tidskrävande och utmattande. Sjuksköterskor bör ha kunskap om patienters upplevelser i samband med väntan på transplantation för att kunna utvecklas i sin roll som sjuksköterska och få en djupare förståelse för deras situation.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva kroniskt njursjuka patienters upplevelser av att leva med dialysbehandling och väntan på transplantation.

Metod: Studien är en litteratursammanställning av tio kvalitativa och kvantitativa vetenskapliga artiklar inom området, vilka har granskats, analyserats och sammanställts.

Resultat: I resultatet framkom flera olika upplevelser, så som längtan efter frihet, utmattning, höga förväntningar, frustration och rädsla inför framtiden i samband med dialysbehandlingen och väntan på transplantationen.

Slutsats: Kroniskt njursjuka patienters upplever sin situation som psykiskt, fysiskt och socialt påfrestande. En av sjuksköterskans viktigaste uppgifter i samband med bemötandet av patienter under dialysbehandling är att vara tillgänglig. Med en tillgänglig och öppen inställning till patienterna blir sjuksköterskan mer mottaglig för patienternas individuella behov.

Abstract [en]

Background: The number in need of kidney transplants per year is approximately 400-500, of which only about 350 will be transplanted. The shortage of organs is clearly prominent. In anticipation of the transplant patient needs dialysis, which is perceived to be time consuming and exhausting. Nurses should have knowledge of patients' experiences in connection with awaiting transplantation to be able to evolve in her role as a nurse and get a deeper understanding of the patients’ situation.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patients’ experiences of living with chronic kidney failure with dialysis and awaiting transplantation.

Method: The study is a literature compilation of ten qualitative and quantitative scientific articles in the field. The articles have been reviewed, analyzed and compiled. Results: The results revealed several different experiences, such as yearning for freedom, fatigue, high expectations, frustration and fear for the future in connection with the dialysis treatment and awaiting transplantation.

Conclusion: Chronic kidney disease patients perceive their situation as mentally, physically and socially stressful. One of the nurse's most important tasks in connection with the treatment of patients in dialysis is to be available. With an accessible and open approach to the patient in general, a nurse becomes more responsive to patient's individual needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Chronic kidney failure, kidney transplantation, dialysis, experience, awaiting
Keyword [sv]
Kronisk njursvikt, njurtransplantation, dialys, upplevelse, väntan
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-5231OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-5231DiVA: diva2:274378
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-10-29 Created: 2009-10-28 Last updated: 2009-10-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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