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Mitt värdefulla hjärta: Emotionella upplevelser efter hjärtinfarkt
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
My valuable heart : Emotional experiences after myocardial infarction (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Idag (år 2009) är hjärtinfarkt den vanligaste dödsorsaken i Sverige. När hjärtat drabbas upplever människor ett hot mot livet och mot allt som känns viktigt att kunna utföra i det dagliga livet. Sådana upplevelser är emotionellt laddade, vilket i sin tur påverkar både patienten och familjen. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva emotionella upplevelser hos personer som har vårdats på sjukhus på grund av hjärtinfarkt. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie har gjorts där vetenskapliga artiklar har granskats och aktuell forskning har sammanställts under fyra kategorier till ett nytt resultat. Resultat: Analysen resulterade i fyra kategorier: Reaktioner, förändringar i livet, bemötande och trygghet i eftervården,vilka presenteras i resultatet. Slutsats: det sociala nätverkets betydelse, Resultatet visade att de som insjuknat i hjärtinfarkt mår emotionellt dåligt efter utskrivning till hemmet. Det visade även att det finns brister i hjärtrehabiliteringsprogrammen och att personer som insjuknat i hjärtinfarkt upplever att den information de får om sin diagnos och om eftervården är bristfällig. Sjuksköterskans roll är att lindra lidande. Det är viktigt att vi som sjuksköterskor har ett holistiskt synsätt och uppmärksammar patientens hela situation och inte bara den medicinska diagnosen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Today myocardial infarction is the most common cause of death in Sweden. When the heart is affected by a heart attack people experience a threat against life and against everything that feels important to be able to do in life. Such experience is emotionally charged, which in turn affects both the patient and his family for a long time. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe emotional experiences in persons who had been in hospital care because of a myocardial infarction. Method: A literature review has been made, where a scientific article on the subject has been analyzed and the result presented as four categories. Results: The four categories are: reactions, changes in life, treatment and safetywitch is presented in the result. in aftercare, the meaning of the social network, Conclusion: The results show that the persons who had suffered a myocardial infarction felt emotionally ill after coming home from the hospital. There where also a lack of support in the heartrehabilitationprogrammes and the participants who had suffered an myocardial infarction felt that there was a need of information regarding their diagnoses and the after care. The nurse’s role is to mitigate suffering. It’s important that the nurse implies a holistic vision and observes the whole patients situation and not only the medical diagnose.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , p. 24
Keyword [en]
Myocardial infarction, nursing, emotional experiences, phenomenology, daily life, quality of life.
Keyword [sv]
Hjärtinfarkt, omvårdnad, emotionella upplevelser, fenomenologi, dagligt liv, livskvalité
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-4976OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-4976DiVA, id: diva2:233244
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-11-02 Created: 2009-08-31 Last updated: 2009-11-02Bibliographically approved

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