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Factors influencing bystanders to start cardiopulmonary resuscitation out-of-hospital Faktorer som har betydelse för om bystanders påbörjar hjärtlungräddning utanför sjukhus – en litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
2007 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
Abstract [sv]

Objective: The out-of-hospital cardiac-arrest incidence in Sweden averages about 10 000 a year. Whether the victim will survive or not is dependent upon rapid actions according to the chain of survival – early alarm, early CPR, early defibrillation and early medical treatment. While waiting for the ambulance the victim is completely dependent on immediate help from any bystander, because early CPR improves survival rates by two-three folds. Unfortunately not all bystanders start CPR because of different reasons. Aim: To describe factors influencing bystander and presumed bystanders to start cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a victim suffering from cardiac arrest out-of-hospital. Method: Literature review based on 14 scientific articles, which were reviewed and analysed. Results: Bystanders can be categorised in bystanders and presumed bystanders. The factors can be summarised in five categories, physical factors of the victim, the bystanders’ physical and psychological factors, risk of infection, legal and social factors and the bystanders’ CPR-knowledge. Conclusion: Knowledge seems to be a determining factor influencing bystanders and presumed bystanders to start CPR out-of-hospital. Through CPR-courses the nurse/CPR-instructor mentally can prepare bystanders to start CPR.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-4322Local ID: oai:eprints.bibl.hkr.se.oai2:1765OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-4322DiVA: diva2:230782
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2007-06-01 Created: 2007-06-01 Last updated: 2007-10-04

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf