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En litteraturstudie om sjuksköterskans omvårdnad av patienter med intravenöst drogmissbruk
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A literature study of nurses care of patients with intravenous drug abuse (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att belysa faktorer som påverkar omvårdnaden av patienter med ett intravenöst drogmissbruk (IDU). Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskor har ofta bristande kunskap om droger och om hur man ska hantera den kliniska omvårdnaden av patienter som missbrukar droger. Bristande kunskap om drogmissbruk bland vårdpersonalen skapar rädsla vilket i sin tur kan leda till att IDU får ett sämre mottagande. Det förekommer även fördomar om denna patientgruppen bland personalen. Metod: studien genomfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie baserad på åtta vetenskapliga artiklar inom tidsintervallet 2003-2009, sökta i databaserna PubMed, PsyhInfo, ELIN@lund samt Cinahl. En deduktiv analysmetod användes utifrån Suzie Kim’s domäner Patient, Patient-Sjuksköterska och Yrkesutövning. Resultat: Personer med ett intravenöst drogmissbruk hade ofta en utsatt hälsa och ett riskfyllt beteende. Patienten upplevde ibland sjukvården som svårtillgänglig och dåligt anpassad efter deras behov. Patient - Sjuksköterska relationen tycktes fungera bäst då omvårdnaden genomfördes på specialanpassade institutioner. Sjuksköterskans yrkesutövning fyllde en viktig preventivroll vad gällde att bevara och främja IDUs hälsa. Slutsats: utbildning och information om drogmissbruk kan bidra till bättre attityder och mindre fördomar i omvårdnaden av patienter med IDU. En empirisk studie kring IDUs upplevelse av den svenska omvårdnaden och dess miljö hade kunnat bidra till en större förståelse för patientgruppen.

Abstract [en]

 

Aim:Was to highlight factors influencing the care of patients with an intravenous drug abuse, from the perspective of Suzie Kims nursing theories. Background: Nurses often have lack of knowledge about drug abuse and how to handle the care of these patients. This can lead to fear among the staff when in care of them, which can create an encounter with less good quality. A prejudge mental attitude among the staff is sometime evident. Method: A literature overview, based on eight scientific rapports/articles made during 2003-2009. These were found by searching databases such as PubMed, PsyhInfo, ELIN@lund and Cinahl. A deductive analysis method was used using Kim (2000) nursing theories; the domain of the client, client – nurse domain and the practice domain of nursing. Result: Injection drug users (IDU) often have an exposed health issue, dominated by a risky behavior. These patients are often facing difficulties in reaching healthcare, and that the care is badly suites for their specific needs. The client – nurse relation is found to be the most effective when provided in specialized facilities. The practice of nursing fulfills an important prevention role in the care and substation of IDU´s health. Conclusion: Education and information about drug abuse seems to provide better and less prejudice attitudes among the staff. A Swedish empiric study about IDU´s experience of health care and its environment would provide an improved understanding for this patient group.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
Nursing, drug abuse, meeting, attitudes, health care.
Keyword [sv]
Sjuksköterska, drogmissbruk, mötet, attityder, omvårdnad.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-1026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-1026DiVA: diva2:227971
Presentation
(Swedish)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-11-02 Created: 2009-07-20 Last updated: 2009-11-02Bibliographically approved

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