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Conceptual and perceptual factors in the picture superiority effect
Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
2006 (English)In: European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 0954-1446, Vol. 18, no 6, 813-847 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The picture superiority effect, i.e. better memory for pictures than for corresponding words, has been variously ascribed to a conceptual or a perceptual processing advantage. The present study aimed to disentangle perceptual and conceptual contributions. Pictures and words were tested for recognition in both their original formats and translated into participants´ second language. Multinomial Processing Tree (Batchelder & Riefer, 1999) and MINERVA (Hintzman, 1984) models were fitted to the data, and parameters corresponding to perceptual and conceptual recognition were estimated. Over three experiments, orienting tasks were varied, with neutral (Exp 1), semantic (Exp. 2), and perceptual (Exp. 3) instructions, and the encoding manipulations were used to validate the parameters. Results indicate that there is picture superiority in both conceptual and perceptual memory, but conceptual processing makes a stronger contribution to the advantage of pictures over words in recognition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 18, no 6, 813-847 p.
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-662DOI: 10.1080/09541440500412361ISI: 000240654600002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-662DiVA: diva2:208813
Available from: 2009-03-20 Created: 2009-03-20 Last updated: 2009-03-20Bibliographically approved

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Department of Behavioural Sciences
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European Journal of Cognitive Psychology
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)Social Sciences

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf