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Enabling social participation for older people: The content of reablement by age, gender, and level of functioning in occupational therapists' interventions
Örebro universitet.
Östersunds kommun & Umeå universitet.
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Man - Health - Society (MHS). Lunds universitet.
2021 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Social participation and the ability to build and maintain social relationships is emphasized as important for older people's health and well-being.

AIM: To explore if social participation is addressed and whether age, gender and level of functioning are associated with the composition of occupational therapy interventions within the context of reablement.

METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, invitations to participate were sent to 60 municipalities in Sweden. 318 occupational therapists participated and described the character of initiated interventions made during 3 weeks through web-based surveys.

RESULT: 1392 cases were reported in the age span of 19-103 years, 61.7% were women. A higher proportion of persons having no home care and minor functional dependency got interventions with a focus on social participation to a higher extent than persons with major functional dependency. Occupational therapists' interventions vary as related to functional limitation, age, and gender.

CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the severity of functional limitation impacts the focus of the intervention whereas age and gender do not. There is a need for social participation to be more clearly addressed within the context of reablement.

SIGNIFICANCE: To develop a person-centred intervention, one needs to consider aspects of age, gender, and functions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. p. 1-8
Keywords [en]
Ageing, activity, community participation, every-day rehabilitation, restorative home care services, social care, social health
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-22534DOI: 10.1080/11038128.2021.1967442ISI: 000691472400001PubMedID: 34463598OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-22534DiVA, id: diva2:1590839
Available from: 2021-09-03 Created: 2021-09-03 Last updated: 2021-09-08Bibliographically approved

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