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Older patients' perspectives on mealtimes in hospitals: a scoping review of qualitative studies
Örebro universitet.
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7331-1684
Örebro universitet.
Örebro universitet.
2021 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 390-404Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The increasing age of populations throughout the world means that healthcare services are faced with new challenges, not least regarding the provision of food during hospital stay. There is a lack of knowledge of how hospital mealtimes are experienced by older patients, and so the aim of this article was to review current knowledge regarding mealtimes in hospitals from the perspectives of older patients. A literature search was performed using seven databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Sociological Abstracts, SweMed+, ASSIA and CINAHL with no limits regarding publication date. The inclusion criteria were peer-reviewed articles in English or Swedish that used qualitative methods to examine older patients' (>65 years) mealtime experiences. The Five Aspect Meal Model (FAMM) served as a framework for understanding the complexity behind a mealtime experience. Qualitative content analysis was used as a guide when analysing the material. The search produced 415 studies, 14 of which were included in the review. The findings generated three main themes for understanding how older patients experience mealtimes while in hospital: (1) the food and the food service, (2) mealtime assistance and commensality during mealtimes and (3) the importance of retaining one's independence. The review also clearly indicated a shortage of studies that solely focus on older patients' experiences of their mealtime. More research is therefore needed to be fully able to understand the complex task of providing meals in hospitals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 35, no 2, p. 390-404
Keywords [en]
five aspect meal model, hospital, literature review, mealtime experience, older patients, qualitative studies
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-20577DOI: 10.1111/scs.12866ISI: 000530374600001PubMedID: 32372410OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-20577DiVA, id: diva2:1429237
Available from: 2020-05-08 Created: 2020-05-08 Last updated: 2021-06-11Bibliographically approved

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Nyberg, Maria
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Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskapResearch Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL)
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