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Stuck in failure: comparing special education needs assessment policies and practices in Sweden and Germany
Göteborgs Universitet .
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences specializing in Primary and Secondary School, and Special Needs Education.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5196-4844
2020 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, ISSN 2002-0317, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 37-46Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The definition for special education needs (SEN) and the policies for its assessment varies widely between countries. This paper aims to investigate similarities and differences through a Swedish-German comparative approach. Based on the distinction between categorical and relational perspectives as expressions of specific thought styles, 58 SEN assessment reports from both countries were qualitatively analysed. The results demonstrate the maintenance of the categorical perspective in terms of focusing on the pupil’s ‘failure’. This result is even more notable in the German examples than the Swedish cases. Exceptionally and in both countries, a relational perspective emerges, taking teaching and the social environment into account. In conclusion, we suggest a flexible SEN approach with a stronger emphasis on the relation between the individual and the learning environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020. Vol. 6, no 1, p. 37-46
Keywords [en]
Categorical perspective; inclusive education; intelligence test; relational perspective; SEN assessment
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-20459DOI: 10.1080/20020317.2020.1729521OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-20459DiVA, id: diva2:1412474
Available from: 2020-03-06 Created: 2020-03-06 Last updated: 2021-01-14Bibliographically approved

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Östlund, Daniel
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Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP)Department of Educational Sciences specializing in Primary and Secondary School, and Special Needs Education
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf