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The effect of mindfulness-based interventions on the health-related quality of life in the elderly: a meta-analysis
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Old age is often accompanied by declining health and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) have been proposed as a non-pharmacological alternative to improve HRQoL in the elderly (>60 years old). There are a few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in the literature which have examined the effects of MBI on HRQoL in old people. So, it has become essential to perform a meta-analysis to improve our understanding of how MBI could affect HRQoL in old-aged persons. A comprehensive literature search was done, and after applying the inclusion/exclusion criteria which were the selection of RCTs that investigated the effects of MBI sessions with a duration of 8 weeks or longer on HRQoL of the elderly, seven studies were selected. A meta-analysis was done with the results from these seven studies, and the unit of analysis for HRQoL outcomes was the Hedge's g. There were a total of 617 older adults with an average age of 73.8 years in the selected studies. A small improvement (g= 0.19, 95% CI= 0.02– 0.36) was found in HRQoL among the elderly in MBI groups compared to those in control groups. However, due to potential publication bias in this meta-analysis, the results reported here need to be carefully interpreted. The studies selected for this meta-analysis could not blind the participants to MBI, and this could represent a potential bias in their reported results. So, ways to estimate this bias need to be devised.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, mindfulness-based stress reduction, MBI, old age, healthy aging, HRQoL
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-20429OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-20429DiVA, id: diva2:1396015
Educational program
Masterprogram Integrerad hälsovetenskap
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-02-25 Created: 2020-02-25 Last updated: 2020-02-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf