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Självskattad hälsa och kroppsbildsuppfattning: - En kvantitativ studie av gymnasieungdomar
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Self-estimated health and body image : - A quantitative study on high school students (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Tidigare forskning inom ämnet kroppsbildsuppfattning har till största del utgått från ett patogent perspektiv. Fokus har utgjorts av att eliminera orsaker till en negativ kroppsbild, istället för att försöka förstå hur faktorer som bidrar till en positiv kroppsbild kan främjas, vilket vidare också leder till hälsofrämjande beteenden. I motsats till tidigare forskning var därför föreliggande studies syfte att undersöka om det fanns en korrelation mellan gymnasieungdomars självskattade hälsa och kroppsbildsuppfattning utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv. Studiens metod har byggt på en kvantitativ enkätundersökning som bestod av de validerade mätinstrumenten Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) och Body appreciation scale 2 (BAS-2). SHIS mäter hälsa utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv, medan BAS-2 används för att mäta individens kroppsuppskattning ur ett positivt perspektiv, vilket är en betydande del av en individs kroppsbildsuppfattning. Studiens resultat kunde påvisa en medelstark positiv korrelation (r= 0,468) p=0,001 mellan självskattad hälsa och kroppsuppskattning. Flickor skattade sin hälsa signifikant högre än pojkar (p= 0,003), med 95 % säkerhet (CI= 1,590- 7,853) och hade också en högre kroppsuppskattning än pojkar på en signifikant nivå (p=0,001, 95 % CI= 2,845- 8,062). Konklusion: fortsatt forskning bör studera den subjektiva hälsan i relation till kroppsbildsuppfattning ur ett salutogent perspektiv, för att generera kunskap gällande vilka faktorer det är som gör att det finns en korrelation mellan hälsa och kroppsbildsuppfattning.

Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research in the subject body image has largely been based on a pathogenic perspective. The focus has been on eliminating causes of a negative body image, instead of trying to understand how factors that contribute to a positive body image can be promoted, which furthermore leads to health promoting behaviors. In contrast to previous research, the purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate whether there was a correlation between high school students' self-estimated health and body image from a salutogenic perspective. The study's method has been based on a quantitative survey that consisted of the validated measuring instruments Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) and Body appreciation scale 2 (BAS-2). SHIS measures health from a salutogenic perspective, while BAS-2 is used to measure an individual's body appreciation from a positive perspective, which is a significant part of an individual's body image. The study's results showed a positive correlation (r = 0.468) p = 0.001 between self-estimated health and body appreciation. Girls estimated their health significantly higher than boys (p = 0.003), with 95% certainty (CI = 1.590-7.853) and had a higher body appreciation than boys at a significant level (p = 0.001, 95% CI = 2,845-8,062). Conclusion: further research should study the subjective health in relation to body image from a salutogenic perspective, in order to generate knowledge regarding which factors that causes a correlation between health and body image.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
Self-estimated health, body image, salutogenesis, health promotion, adolescents
Keywords [sv]
Självskattad hälsa, kroppsbildsuppfattning, salutogenes, hälsofrämjande, ungdomar
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-19598OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-19598DiVA, id: diva2:1333417
Educational program
Study Programme in Health Promotion and Education
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-05 Created: 2019-07-01 Last updated: 2019-07-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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