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Body esteem in a Western Australian cleft lip and/or palate cohort across 3 age groups
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2018 (English)In: Cleft Palate Craniofac J, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 487-498Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To determine if patients with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) from a Western Australian (WA) cohort were more dissatisfied with their body esteem than a normative non-cleft cohort, and identify demographic variables that may have significant associations with body esteem. DESIGN: Questionnaire study using the Body-Esteem Scale (BES) and Cleft Research Questionnaire (CRQ). PARTICIPANTS: Self-selected participants from a Western Australian CL/P population across 3 age groups (n=359). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The BES is comprised of 3 factors: BE-Appearance, BE-Weight and BE-Attribution. Study mean BES factor scores were compared to normative non-cleft scores. Regression analysis was used to determine significant associations within each age group between BES factor scores and CRQ variables of: gender, self-reported body weight category, cleft type and importance of facial appearance rating. RESULTS: Study mean BE-Attribution scores were significantly lower than the normative scores and significantly lower than the mean BE-Appearance and BE-Weight factor scores within the same age groups of this study. Having a cleft type of lip and palate, being overweight, and placing a high importance on facial appearance had significant negative associations with BES scores. Maintaining a normal body weight and placing a lower level of importance on facial appearance had significant positive associations. Gender had no significant associations. CONCLUSION: In this study, the attribution aspect of body esteem had a greater negative impact on patients than their appearance and body weight. This has important implications for clinical treatment and support of patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 55, no 4, p. 487-498
Keywords [en]
appearance, body esteem, body image, cleft lip and palate
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-19500ISBN: 1545-1569 (Electronic) 1055-6656 (Linking) OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-19500DiVA, id: diva2:1329841
Note

Nicholls, Wendy Harper, Craig Selvey, Linda A Robinson, Suzanne Hartig, Gerald Persson, Martin eng Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2018 Apr;55(4):487-498. doi: 10.1177/1055665617730362. Epub 2017 Dec 14.

Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-24 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved

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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29554445

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf