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Factors associated with young children's self-perceived physical competence and self-reported physical activity
Kristianstad University, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
Department of Psychology, Lund University.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
2008 (English)In: Health Education Research, ISSN 0268-1153, E-ISSN 1465-3648, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 125-136Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with self-reported physical activity (PA), self-perceived physical fitness and competence in physical education (PE) among young children. The study included physical tests, anthropometric measures and a questionnaire. The study group comprised 206 children (114 boys and 92 girls, aged 8-12 years). Positive Odds Ratio was used in the logistic regression analyses. High level of self-reported PA was associated with membership of sport clubs and high self-perceived physical fitness. Variables associated with high self-perceived competence in PE were low age, high physical performance, living with both parents, high self-perceived physical fitness, male gender and enjoying PE. Variables associated with high self-perceived physical fitness were low age, high performance in endurance running, high self-reported PA, positive self-perceived body function and high self-perceived competence in PE. Correlations between children's self-perceived competence in PE and actual measured physical performance, between the self-perceived fitness and endurance performance and between self-reported PA and physical performance could be seen as a form of concurrent validity. One implication of the study for practitioners might be that children's own perceptions of their physical competence and activity levels could be used to roughly identify groups of children who are at risk of remaining physically inactive and therefore more prone to be unhealthy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 23, no 1, p. 125-136
Keywords [en]
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK, PERCEPTION PROFILE, ELEMENTARY-SCHOOL, MOTOR COMPETENCE, FITNESS, MOTIVATION, HEALTH, YOUTH, WAIST, ADOLESCENCE
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-44DOI: 10.1093/her/cym010ISI: 000252543600012PubMedID: 17347524OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-44DiVA, id: diva2:132628
Available from: 2008-12-22 Created: 2008-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Young today - adult tomorrow!: studies on physical status, physical activity, attitudes, and self-perception in children and adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young today - adult tomorrow!: studies on physical status, physical activity, attitudes, and self-perception in children and adolescents
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim was to gain knowledge of young people's physical status and physical activity, and to further the understanding of the role of school physical education in a salutogenic public health perspective. Two studies were performed in southern Sweden. Study 1 was performed in 1996 among 301 adolescents aged 16-19 in upper secondary school. It comprised three parts: a questionnaire, seven physical tests, anthropometrical measures and information on every student's grades. Study 2, with a longitudinal design and annual measurements, was performed in 2000-2003 (n=205- 275) among children aged 6-12 in two primary schools, one intervention school with expanded physical education lessons, and one norm school which followed the stipulated curricular time. The study comprised a questionnaire, eleven physical tests and anthropometrical measures. In Study 1, students in practical education for occupations such as industrial and building workers, mechanics, assistant nurses and hairdressers, all of which are occupations involving physical effort, had lower physical capacity than students in theoretical education among both boys and girls. A correlation was found between physical capacity and grades. An interrelation between Sense of Coherence (SOC) and attitudes to physical education was found, indicating that past experiences of physical activity and physical education could contribute to the development of SOC, and actual levels of SOC could influence the persistent attitudes to physical education and be important for lifelong physical activity. Study 2 showed high self perceived competence in physical education among children to be associated with high physical performance, male gender, low age, living with both parents, high self perceived physical fitness and enjoying physical education. Children who followed an expanded physical education programme during the three-year follow up showed positive changes in physical performance compared to children in the norm school. The number of children with increasing body mass index (BMI) rose in both schools, but a lower increase in BMI could be seen in the intervention school. In both Study 1 and 2, the highest physical capacity was found among children and adolescents who reported a high level of physical activity in leisure time. This thesis shows it is possible to achieve improvement in physical status among young people with an increase of physical education lessons in school. Differences in physical capacity between prospective blue-collar and white-collar workers already in adolescence during education emphasize the need for early interventions to increase physical activity and capacity in young people. Physical education in the school setting could be seen as an important arena for improving physical capacity, positive self-perceptions and positive attitudes to physical activity, which could be important for public health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, 2006. p. 126
Series
Lund University, Faculty of Medicine doctoral dissertation series, ISSN 1652-8220 ; 2006:51
Keywords
Hälsofrämjande arbete, Ungdomar, hälsa, Skolidrott
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6223 (URN)91-85481-76-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
(English)
Note
Diss. Lund : Lunds universitet, 2006 S. 1-76: sammanfattning, s. 77-126: 4 uppsatserAvailable from: 2010-03-03 Created: 2010-02-18 Last updated: 2010-03-03Bibliographically approved

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Sollerhed, Ann-ChistinEjlertsson, Göran

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Department of Humanities and Social SciencesAvdelningen för HälsovetenskapForskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS)
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Health Education Research
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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