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Physical benefits of expanded physical education in primary school: findings from a 3-year intervention study in Sweden
Kristianstad University, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
2008 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 102-107Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to assess whether a school-based program with expanded physical education lessons was effective in increasing children's physical capacity and in preventing excessive weight gain in children. The study performed in 2000-2003 comprised 132 children, 73 boys and 59 girls at baseline 6-9 years and in follow-up 9-12 years, attending two different schools with a similar size, appearance and structure in a rural area. The norm school (N-school) followed the stipulated curricular time, one to two physical education lessons a week, while the intervention school (I-school) increased it to four lessons. More positive changes in physical index (the sum of the age-standardized results in 11 physical tests) were found among children in the I-school than in the N-school. The number of children who increased body mass index (BMI) increased in both schools, but a lower increase in BMI could be seen in the I-school. Expanded physical education lessons could increase physical status among both overweight and normal-weight children, in particular aerobic fitness. The weekly dose of physical activity must be higher than 40 min a day and must start earlier in children's life to be more effective in combating BMI increase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 18, no 1, p. 102-107
Keywords [en]
Physical education, intervention, children, physical status, endurance running, weight gain, BMI
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-41DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2007.00636.xISI: 000253484400014PubMedID: 17490464OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-41DiVA, id: diva2:132623
Available from: 2008-12-22 Created: 2008-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Young today - adult tomorrow!: studies on physical status, physical activity, attitudes, and self-perception in children and adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young today - adult tomorrow!: studies on physical status, physical activity, attitudes, and self-perception in children and adolescents
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim was to gain knowledge of young people's physical status and physical activity, and to further the understanding of the role of school physical education in a salutogenic public health perspective. Two studies were performed in southern Sweden. Study 1 was performed in 1996 among 301 adolescents aged 16-19 in upper secondary school. It comprised three parts: a questionnaire, seven physical tests, anthropometrical measures and information on every student's grades. Study 2, with a longitudinal design and annual measurements, was performed in 2000-2003 (n=205- 275) among children aged 6-12 in two primary schools, one intervention school with expanded physical education lessons, and one norm school which followed the stipulated curricular time. The study comprised a questionnaire, eleven physical tests and anthropometrical measures. In Study 1, students in practical education for occupations such as industrial and building workers, mechanics, assistant nurses and hairdressers, all of which are occupations involving physical effort, had lower physical capacity than students in theoretical education among both boys and girls. A correlation was found between physical capacity and grades. An interrelation between Sense of Coherence (SOC) and attitudes to physical education was found, indicating that past experiences of physical activity and physical education could contribute to the development of SOC, and actual levels of SOC could influence the persistent attitudes to physical education and be important for lifelong physical activity. Study 2 showed high self perceived competence in physical education among children to be associated with high physical performance, male gender, low age, living with both parents, high self perceived physical fitness and enjoying physical education. Children who followed an expanded physical education programme during the three-year follow up showed positive changes in physical performance compared to children in the norm school. The number of children with increasing body mass index (BMI) rose in both schools, but a lower increase in BMI could be seen in the intervention school. In both Study 1 and 2, the highest physical capacity was found among children and adolescents who reported a high level of physical activity in leisure time. This thesis shows it is possible to achieve improvement in physical status among young people with an increase of physical education lessons in school. Differences in physical capacity between prospective blue-collar and white-collar workers already in adolescence during education emphasize the need for early interventions to increase physical activity and capacity in young people. Physical education in the school setting could be seen as an important arena for improving physical capacity, positive self-perceptions and positive attitudes to physical activity, which could be important for public health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, 2006. p. 126
Series
Lund University, Faculty of Medicine doctoral dissertation series, ISSN 1652-8220 ; 2006:51
Keywords
Hälsofrämjande arbete, Ungdomar, hälsa, Skolidrott
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6223 (URN)91-85481-76-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
(English)
Note
Diss. Lund : Lunds universitet, 2006 S. 1-76: sammanfattning, s. 77-126: 4 uppsatserAvailable from: 2010-03-03 Created: 2010-02-18 Last updated: 2010-03-03Bibliographically approved

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Sollerhed, Ann-ChristinEjlertsson, Göran

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Department of Humanities and Social SciencesAvdelningen för HälsovetenskapForskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS)
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Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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