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Notification of an abnormal Pap smear result: an intervention study
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Linnaeus University.
Linnaeus University.
Linnaeus University.
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354, Vol. 28, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to assess whether notification of an abnormal Pap smear result via a phone call, delivered by a trained healthcare provider, has an effect on women's HRQoL, coping and awareness of HPV. For this intervention study, women were consecutively recruited from a women's health clinic in Sweden. Women in the intervention group (n = 113) were notified of their Pap smear result via a phone call by a trained healthcare provider, while those in the comparison group (n = 122) were notified via a standard letter. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The results found no significant differences between the groups for HRQoL. However, 42.5% of women in the intervention group versus 48.3% in the comparison group reported anxiety. Women in the intervention group were more satisfied with the manner in which they were notified of their abnormal result than those in the comparison group (92.0% vs. 67.2%; p < 0.001), more aware of HPV (71% vs. 50%; p = 0.001), and called healthcare services less often (10.6% vs. 18.0%; p = 0.113), no significance. In conclusion, notification of an abnormal Pap smear result via a phone call does not increase women's HRQoL or reduce their anxiety.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 28, no 2
Keywords [en]
abnormal Pap smear result, anxiety, depression, health-related quality of life, human papillomavirus, intervention
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18858DOI: 10.1111/ecc.12969ISI: 000461076700009PubMedID: 30457186OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-18858DiVA, id: diva2:1267048
Available from: 2018-11-30 Created: 2018-11-30 Last updated: 2019-03-28Bibliographically approved

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Rask, Marie

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Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskapResearch Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education
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