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Barnahus ur socialsekreterares perspektiv
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1021-6812
2018 (Swedish)In: Barn i Barnahus / [ed] Maria Kläfverud, http://www.nfbo.org/nfbo2018/, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I denna delstudie inom studien Barn i Barnahus belyses socialsekreterarnas perspektiv. Sammanlagt har 56 socialsekreterare deltagit i studien. I Sverige används ett service- och familjeinriktat system med inriktning tidiga och förebyggande insatser till barnfamiljer. Socialtjänstens huvudinriktning är samarbete, erbjudande i insatser och frivilligt förändringsarbete. Socialsekreterarna ser Barnahus främst som en plats för samråd, samordning och konsultation. Socialsekreterarnas huvudsakliga orientering är att avvärja att Barnahus inte ska leda till att vidare samarbete med föräldrarna omöjliggörs eller dramatiskt försämras. Omfattningen av polisanmälningar ifrågasätts med tanke på den dramatik Barnahus-besök kan innebära för barn och barnets familj. Blir det till barnets bästa; hämtning, förhör, lång väntan på att den misstänkte förhörs och ännu längre tills att ärendet går vidare, om det över huvud taget går till åtal? Socialsekreterarna ser sin huvuduppgift på Barnahuset att i medhörningsrummet bedöma barnets omedelbara behov av skydd genom att se och lyssna på barnet i polisförhör. I studien rekommenderas att rutin införs om att barn också erbjuds eget samtal med sin socialsekreterare. Barn i Sverige har rätt att bli involverat i frågor som rör barnet hos myndigheter. Här handlar det om att barnet behöver och ska bli konsulterat i bedömningen av barnets behov. Barnet har rätt att bli informerat och få chans att överenskomma med sin socialsekreterare om vad som händer fortsättningsvis. Särskilt behöver beaktas vad som händer direkt efter Barnahus-besöket och fram tills att de träffas igen tillsammans med barnets föräldrar.  För att möjliggöra detta måste också socialtjänsten organisera socialsekreterarnas arbete så att den socialsekreterare som är med barnet i Barnahus och också fortsättningsvis finns för barnet – blir barnets socialsekreterare.

Abstract [en]

In this part-study of the main study "Children in Barnahus", the perspective of the child welfare caseworker/social worker is explored. A total of 56 child welfare caseworkers in the Swedish Child Welfare Services (CWS) have participated in the study. Sweden has a service- and family-oriented social welfare system focused on providing early and preventive measures for families with children. The main orientation is collaboration with the child and the family, to offer support and focus on efforts on voluntary basis. The participating child welfare caseworkers talked about Barnahus primarily as a place for consultation, coordination and consultation. In the context of Barnahus the child welfare caseworkers’ main orientation was to prevent that the involvement of and the child’s visit in Barnahus, makes it more difficult for the CWS to approach and collaborate with the child’s family in further investigation and assessments of what is in the best interest of the child.  The extent of their own (CWS’s) reporting of cases to the police, was questioned in view of the drama that Barnahus visits can become for involved children and the child's family. Is it in the best interest of the child to primarily be summoned to Barnahus; become interviewed by policemen; to wait, too often for a long time, before the person on suspicion is heard and even longer until the case is brought further, if there will be any further proceedings at all. In very few cases is started prosecution.  The child welfare caseworkers saw their main task in Barnahus to assess the child's immediate need of protection by watching and listening in a co-hearing room with video connection to the child participating in the forensic interview with the policeman. In the study is recommended that a routine become introduced to offer every child after the police interview, a conversation of with the child’s own child welfare caseworker. Children in Sweden have legal right to be involved in matters concerning the child. Here it is about the child's need and best interest, and the child should become consulted in the assessments, if the child wants to and has the capacity for this. The child has also legal rights to be informed and have the opportunity to express a view of his/her own in what is going on and on plans. Important that the child welfare caseworkers pay attention to well-being of the child both immediately after the visit at Barnahus and later on. When  custodians are suspected of the crime, they are not invited to Barnahus together with their child. After being heard at Barnahus, special measures might have to be taken for protection of the child. If not, the child might anyhow might need recovery support after suddenly becoming summoned to Barnahus and/or in meeting their parents again if they haven’t been at Barnahus. In order to enable this, the CWS has to organize the social work so that the child welfare caseworker who meet the child at Barnahus also continues to support and be the child’s own child welfare caseworkers further on.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
http://www.nfbo.org/nfbo2018/, 2018.
Keywords [en]
children, Barnahus, child protection, social worker, social investigation, social welfare service, children's best interest, participation, collaboration
Keywords [sv]
Barn, Barnahus, socialsekreterare, sociala utredningar, barnavård, barns skydd, barns bästa, barns delaktighet, samverkan
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18792OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-18792DiVA, id: diva2:1258427
Conference
The 10th Nordic Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect, Nordic Association for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (NFBO)Tórshavn, Färöarna, 19-22 augusti 2018
Projects
Barn i Barnahus - tvärvetenskaplig studie av Barnahusverksamhet ur barnperspektiv
Funder
The Kempe FoundationsAvailable from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-10-26Bibliographically approved

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Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
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Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetslivResearch Platform for Collaboration for HealthResearch Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO)
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