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Treatment of pathologic peri-implant pockets
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0992-2362
Irland.
2018 (English)In: Periodontology 2000, ISSN 0906-6713, E-ISSN 1600-0757, Vol. 76, no 1, p. 180-190Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Peri-implant and periodontal pockets share a number of anatomical features but also have distinct differences. These differences make peri-implant pockets more susceptible to trauma and infection than periodontal pockets. Inadequate maintenance can lead to infections (defined as peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis) within peri-implant pockets. These infections are recognized as inflammatory diseases, which ultimately lead to the loss of supporting bone. Diagnostic and treatment methods conventionally used in periodontics have been adopted to assess and treat these diseases. Controlling infection includes elimination of the biofilm from the implant surface and efficient mechanical debridement. However, the prosthetic supra-structure and implant surface characteristics can complicate treatment. Evidence shows that when appropriately managed, peri-implant mucositis is reversible. Nonsurgical therapy, with or without the use of antimicrobials, will occasionally resolve peri-implantitis, but for the majority of advanced lesions this approach is insufficient and surgery is indicated. The major objective of the surgical approach is to provide access and visualize the clinical situation. Hence, a more informed decision can be made regarding whether to use a resective or a regenerative surgical technique. Evidence shows that following successful decontamination, surgical treatment to regenerate the bone can be performed, and a number of regenerative techniques have been proposed. After treatment, regular maintenance and good oral hygiene are essential for a predictable outcome and long-term stability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 76, no 1, p. 180-190
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17779DOI: 10.1111/prd.12149ISI: 000418095200014PubMedID: 29239086OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-17779DiVA, id: diva2:1172469
Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskapResearch environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL)
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