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Occurrence of cases with peri-implant mucositis or peri-implantitis in a 21-26 years follow-up study
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0992-2362
Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3620-5978
2017 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

AIM: to determine the prevalence and development of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis and to assess risk factors over time.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is a longitudinal case series assessing the occurrence and diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis.

RESULTS: 218/294 patients who had received dental implants between 1988-1992 were examined between 2000-2002 (exam II; 9-14 years after the first exam). At exam III (20-26 years after exam I, on average 23.3 years), 86 individuals were re-examined. The diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis at exam III was 23.8% and 13.7% respectively. Surgical treatment of peri-implantitis after exam II resulted in a bone gain for 2/12 individuals. Individuals with ≥ 3 implants at exam II were at risk for peri-implantitis at exam III (χ2=7.9, p <0.01, LR: 11.6, 95%CI: 1.5, 92.5, p < 0.01). A history of periodontitis (p=0.07), a diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis (p =0.77), or smoking (p=0.86) at exam II, were not predictive of peri-implantitis at exam III.

CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis and occurrence of peri-implantitis and peri-implant mucositis was high. Healthy conditions at implants after 9-14 years were predictive of future implant health. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Prevalence, human, peri-implant mucositis, peri-implantitis, risk- factors
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17340DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12822PubMedID: 28963776OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-17340DiVA: diva2:1146520
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2017-10-03Bibliographically approved

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Renvert, StefanLindahl, ChristelPersson, Rutger G
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Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskapResearch environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL)
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