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Occurrence of cases with peri-implant mucositis or peri-implantitis in a 21-26 years follow-up study
Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för oral hälsa.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0992-2362
Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för oral hälsa.
Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för oral hälsa.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3620-5978
2018 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 233-240Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: to determine the prevalence and development of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis and to assess risk factors over time.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is a longitudinal case series assessing the occurrence and diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis.

RESULTS: 218/294 patients who had received dental implants between 1988-1992 were examined between 2000-2002 (exam II; 9-14 years after the first exam). At exam III (20-26 years after exam I, on average 23.3 years), 86 individuals were re-examined. The diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis at exam III was 23.8% and 13.7% respectively. Surgical treatment of peri-implantitis after exam II resulted in a bone gain for 2/12 individuals. Individuals with ≥ 3 implants at exam II were at risk for peri-implantitis at exam III (χ2=7.9, p <0.01, LR: 11.6, 95%CI: 1.5, 92.5, p < 0.01). A history of periodontitis (p=0.07), a diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis (p =0.77), or smoking (p=0.86) at exam II, were not predictive of peri-implantitis at exam III.

CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis and occurrence of peri-implantitis and peri-implant mucositis was high. Healthy conditions at implants after 9-14 years were predictive of future implant health. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 45, no 2, p. 233-240
Keyword [en]
Prevalence, human, peri-implant mucositis, peri-implantitis, risk- factors
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17340DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12822ISI: 000419830500009PubMedID: 28963776OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-17340DiVA, id: diva2:1146520
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved

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Lindahl, Christel

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