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Complement or contamination: a study of the validity of multiple-choice items when assessing reasoning skills in physics
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). (LISMA)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3251-6082
Malmö högskola.
Malmö högskola.
2017 (English)In: Frontiers in education - Assessment, Testing and Applied Measurement, Vol. 2, 48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to investigate the validity of using multiple-choice (MC) itemsas a complement to constructed-response (CR) items when making decisions about student performance on reasoning tasks. CR items from a national test in physics have been reformulated into MC items and students’ reasoning skills have been analyzed in two substudies. In the first study, 12 students answered the MC items and were asked to explain their answers orally. In the second study, 102 students from five randomly chosen schools answered the same items. Their answers were scored, and the frequencyof correct answers was calculated for each of the items. The scores were then compared to a sample of student performance on the original CR items from the national test. Findings suggest that results from MC items might be misleading when making decisions about student performance on reasoning tasks, since students use other skills when answering the items than is intended. Results from MC items may also contributeto an overestimation of students’ knowledge in science.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 2, 48
Keyword [en]
Argumentation skills; assessment; multiple-choice items; national testing; socio-scientific issues
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17254DOI: 10.3389/feduc.2017.00048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-17254DiVA: diva2:1140792
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/feduc.2017.00048/full

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf