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The complexity of resources related to work-life balance and well-being: a survey among municipality employees in Sweden
Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9283-5096
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Human Resource Management, ISSN 0958-5192, E-ISSN 1466-4399, Vol. 28, no 16, p. 2351-2374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increasing sickness absence rates among care and service employees in Sweden motivate health-promoting activities. It is crucial to employers and key stakeholders, like HRM departments, to have knowledge of resources related to employees' work life balance (WLB) to increase well-being at work. The aim of the study was to explore resources associated with WLB, with focus on work and private lives among care and service employees. A questionnaire survey to a total population of two municipality departments (n = 631, response rate 76%) was conducted. A linear regression model showed five significant main resources related to WLB: a positive life situation, recovery, a positive time experience at work, a positive time experience in private life and wellbeing. Logistics regression models further exploring the main resources showed essential sub-resources such as health-promoting leadership, supportive home environment and reflection on everyday life. This two-step analysis with a salutogenic perspective points out a holistic and complex picture of possibilities to promote employees' WLB and wellbeing. These findings can be used as a supportive framework for HR departments in charge of competence development for managers. Moreover, the results are important in both policy-making and as a foundation for workplace health promotion (WHP) interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 28, no 16, p. 2351-2374
Keywords [en]
Salutogenesis, workplace health promotion, work-life balance, municipality employees, management, policy-making
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17110DOI: 10.1080/09585192.2017.1340323ISI: 000406630100006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-17110DiVA, id: diva2:1134706
Available from: 2017-08-21 Created: 2017-08-21 Last updated: 2019-05-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Att finna sin egen kraft: hälsopromotion på arbetsplatsen utifrån BELE – ett program för att främja ett salutogent livspussel bland kvinnlig vård-, stöd- och omsorgspersonal
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att finna sin egen kraft: hälsopromotion på arbetsplatsen utifrån BELE – ett program för att främja ett salutogent livspussel bland kvinnlig vård-, stöd- och omsorgspersonal
2018 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

The overall aim of this thesis was threefold; first, to explore resources associated with work-life balance (WLB), with a focus on the work and private lives of human service employees. Second, to develop a workplace health promotion (WHP) intervention with a WLB focus. Third, to explore the participants’ experiences of the developed WHP intervention done in the workplace. A mixed method approach was used to answer the research questions. The thesis is based on two qualitative studies, one quantitative study and one paper that describe the content and development process of the intervention. The qualitative studies were based on individual interviews and focus group interviews (I, IV). Thirteen semi-structured individual interviews and two focus group interviews were conducted with home help service nurses in Sweden (I). Eight focus group interviews and eight semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with participants in the intervention (IV). A qualitative content analysis was used for the analyses in the qualitative studies. The quantitative study was based on a questionnaire survey to a population of two municipality departments (n = 631, response rate 76%) (II). A linear regression model and logistics regressions models were used for the analyses. The planning and development of the intervention was done using an intervention mapping approach (III). The findings showed a complex picture of resources related to WLB. Resources could be found in the work domain, the private domain and the individual domain (I, II). In the work domain, it seems to be important to have a positive time experience and a meaningful job, but also to work part-time and do shift work. In the private domain, a positive time experience and social support was highlighted. Individual resources such as good health, well-being, reflection and satisfaction with one´s life situation were seen as essential to WLB. The development process of the intervention resulted in the “Balance in Everyday Life Empowerment” (BELE) program (III). The findings showed that a majority of the participants taking part in the BELE program experienced a process of change, often enhanced by an increased awareness, support and inner strength, which promoted well-being and balance in their everyday life (IV). In conclusion, it seems important to use a holistic approach where resources in the employees’ overall life situation are included for the enhancement of WLB. The BELE program was an attempt to contribute to WHP with a WLB focus, and the result indicates that the program was effective with regard to promoting employee well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Lund University, 2018. p. 95
Keywords
Woman´s health, Workplace health promotion, Work-life balance, Human service employees, Intervention
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-19271 (URN)9789176196298 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-05-13 Created: 2019-05-08 Last updated: 2019-05-13Bibliographically approved

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Törnquist Agosti, Madelaine

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