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"Det är ju viktigt att vägleda rätt": En kvalitativ studie om hälsa och delaktighet inom Arbetsförmedlingens etableringsarbete
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrunden till denna studie bygger på sambandet mellan delaktighet och hälsa. Tidigare studier visar att tillgänglighet till integrationsinsatser ökar hälsan hos den aktuella målgruppen. Syftet med studien var att undersöka om Arbetsförmedlingens etableringsarbete i Kristianstad använder sig av ett hälsofrämjande perspektiv, genom att fokusera på vilka faktorer som enligt arbetsförmedlarna har betydelse för nyanländas etablering på arbetsmarknaden, samt hur det påverkar nyanländas delaktighet i samhället. Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod där vi har samlat in material genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med arbetsförmedlare. För att analysera materialet användes innehållsanalys. Resultatet visar att språket, samt tillgång till arbetslivserfarenhet genom etableringsinsatser är avgörande faktorer för att nyanlända ska kunna integreras i arbetslivet. Ett annat fynd var att kulturella faktorer påverkar etableringen för nyanlända, inte minst då språket också utgör ett hinder för kommunikation. En problematik som framkom under intervjuerna var att arbetsförmedlarna ansåg att det fanns vissa brister i regelverket kring etablering i form av homogenisering av vilka insatser som är tillgängliga för målgruppen. Arbetsförmedlarna upplevde att detta påverkade möjligheterna att individualisera insatser för nyanlända. 

Abstract [en]

The background for this study is that there is a connection between health and how much a person participates in society. Previous studies show a correlation between the access to integration efforts and the promotion of one’s health. The purpose of this study is to analyze how the regulations concerning establishment for immigrants on the Swedish labor market, put up by the Swedish government, is implemented and functioning out of a health perspective, specifically in the municipality of Kristianstad. A qualitative method was chosen and data was collected through semi-structured interviews conducted on workers from The Swedish Public Employment Service in Kristianstad, the official contractors for the national establishment reform. To analyze the material, a content analysis was used. The results showed that knowledge of the Swedish language is one of the main factors to become integrated in society, alongside possibilities to gain work experience through internship provided by the The Swedish Public Employment Service. Another finding was the occurrence of cultural factors on the labor market, affecting the immigrants’ way to integration, even more so if their Swedish language skills were limited. A problem that emerged from our study showed that the participants experienced a homogenization within the establishment reform which restricted their possibilities to individualize the actions for each participant. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 36
Keywords [sv]
Integration, etablering, språk, empowerment, delaktighet
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-17001DiVA, id: diva2:1119236
Educational program
Study Programme in Health Promotion and Education
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-04 Created: 2017-07-03 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved

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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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