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Nursing Assistants’ Perceptions of Physical Activity and Exercise among Older People: a Phenomenographic Study
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Hemtjänstpersonalens uppfattningar om fysisk aktivitet och träning för äldre : en fenomenografisk studie (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Nursing assistants’, as frontline caregivers in the care of older people, have a unique opportunity to encourage physical activity and exercise in older people. Hence, the perceptions by these care providers of physical activity and exercise among older people are an essential factor. The aim of this study is to  describe how nursing assistants perceive physical activity and exercise for older people, over the age of 65, receiving home care and home help. Method: Data was collected through interviews with 19 nursing assistants, selected by strategic sampling and analysed using a phenomenographic approach. Results: The findings show two different perceptions of physical activity for the older people: “physical activity is to  move” described as everyday movements i.e. everyday activities and outdoors activities and “physical activity is to make an effort”, described as older people handling their day-to-day tasks and outdoor activities or struggling to be less inactive and performing healthy activities. Three different perceptions of exercise for the older people emerged: “exercise as physical activity”, described as movement performed, based on individual exercise programmes from the physiotherapist or through day-to-day tasks such as dressing, cleaning or shopping; “exercise as rehabilitation” described as part of the rehabilitation process or as a prescription to follow, and “exercise as an agent” described as enhancing the health and well-being of older people, principally related to mobility or enhancing the older people’s social activities. Conclusion: This study shows that there are a variety of perceptions of physical activity and exercise among nursing assistants which can be important for health professionals to be aware of, in order to provide targeted support. This study also shows two different approaches by nursing assistants towards older people: a health-promotion one and a preventive one; it would seem to be important to be aware of these approaches, if a shift towards promoting health and well-being should be implemented in the care of older people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
nursing assistants, perceptions, physical activity, exercise, older people (65 and over)
Keyword [sv]
hemtjänstpersonal, uppfattningar, fysisk aktivitet, träning, äldre personer (65 år och äldre)
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-16599OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-16599DiVA: diva2:1083416
Educational program
Masterprogram Integrerad hälsovetenskap
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-03-21 Created: 2017-03-21 Last updated: 2017-03-21Bibliographically approved

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a7279a7560cbb0516bc43b49755eb5e2122cb52b231e3f19aa61120ccf5088e007987959b5b76ae76d85ef330e3939f586e73dcbcdc2fd6c768a60b38e3603e2
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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School of Health and Society
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf