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Personality traits of prisoners as compared to general populations: signs of adjustment to the situation?
Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Psykologi.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5233-2467
University West,Trollhättan.
2017 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 107, no 1, 237-245 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two recent studies have challenged the well-established belief that offending behaviors are inversely related to the personality trait of conscientiousness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore prisoners’ levels of traits according to the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality compared to control groups, with a focus on conscientiousness. Two separate samples of inmates in Swedish high-security prisons were investigated in three studies. Inmates and non-inmates completed a Swedish-language translation of Goldberg’s (1999) International Personality Item Pool questionnaire (IPIP-NEO, Bäckström, 2007). Male inmates (n = 46) in Studies 1 and 2 scored higher on conscientiousness than non-inmates (norm data based on approximately 800 males, and a students’ sample), which conflicts with previous results. Study 3 further explored the conscientiousness differences on the facet level. Male and female inmates (n = 131) scored higher on order and self-discipline (even after an adjustment for social desirability) than students (n = 136). In conjunction with previous findings, these differences are interpreted as being either temporal or enduring adjustments to the prison environment. It is suggested that researchers and clinical teams should cautiously interpret the FFM factor of conscientiousness (and its facets) when planning the further treatment of inmates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 107, no 1, 237-245 p.
Keyword [en]
Prisoners, Five factor personality model, Conscientiousness, Adjustment, Sweden
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-16390DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.11.030ISI: 000392775500035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-16390DiVA: diva2:1061823
Available from: 2017-01-03 Created: 2017-01-03 Last updated: 2017-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Masche-No, Johanna G.

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School of Education and EnvironmentResearch Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO)Avdelningen för Psykologi
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Personality and Individual Differences
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

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