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Dental patients' perceptions and motivation in smoking cessation activities
Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och Folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0269-730X
Karolinska Institutet.
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, nr 4, s. 285-290Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective

The aim of the present study was to investigate smokers' perceptions of and motivation for smoking cessation activities in dentistry.

Materials and methods

Patients who smoked were consecutively recruited from general as well as specialist dental care clinics in Sweden. After a dental visit the patients completed a questionnaire about self-perceived oral health, smoking habits, motivation, reasons to quit and not to quit smoking, support to quit, smoking cessation activities and questions about smoking asked by dentists and dental hygienists.

Results

The sample consisted of 167 adult patients (≥ 20 years) who smoked daily. During the last 6 months, 81% of the patients had experienced oral health problems. The most common complaints were discolourations of the teeth, periodontal problems and dry mouth (38%, 36% and 33%, respectively). Improved general health was a major reason to quit smoking (89%). It was also stated that it was important to avoid oral health problems. 71% of the patients preferred to quit by themselves and 16% wanted support from dentistry. High motivation to quit smoking was reported by 20%. Occurrence of periodontitis during the last 6 months was significantly associated with being highly motivated to stop smoking (OR = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.03-8.55).

Conclusions

This study revealed that, although it was important to quit smoking to avoid oral health problems, the patients were not aware that tobacco cessation activities can be performed in dentistry. Periodontal problems seem to be the most motivating factor among the patients who were highly motivated to stop smoking.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2016. Vol. 74, nr 4, s. 285-290
Emneord [en]
Oral health complaints, periodontitis, smoking
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-15360DOI: 10.3109/00016357.2015.1114669PubMedID: 26609892OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-15360DiVA, id: diva2:916135
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-04-01 Laget: 2016-04-01 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-30bibliografisk kontrollert

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