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Body composition and physical function in healthy community-dwelling older adults in Sweden: a cross-sectional study
Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. (MEAL)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3692-7014
2014 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Poster (med eller utan abstract) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Background: Limited data are available on body composition (BC) and physical function in healthy adults >80 y, potentially hampering development of reference values. We aimed to study 1) BC and physical function and 2) changes in hand-grip strength over a 4-year period in a community dwelling elderly Swedish population.

Methods: Apparently healthy, community-dwelling men (n=51) and women (n=51) aged >83y were measured by Sit to Stand-test, hand grip strength, body height, body weight and BC using a Bioimpedance Spectroscopy (Impedimed). The study was approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board in Gothenburg as an addition to Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone (T176-12).

Results: Mean age 86.5 y, no age difference between sexes. Men and women performed equally well at the Sit to Stand-test. Men were significantly stronger with a mean HGS of 34.1 kg compared to women of 19.5 kg. 15 % had a BMI below 22 kg/m2. According to skeletal muscle index (SMI) 64 % were assessed as having severe sarcopenia (Cruz-Jentoft et al 2010).

Conclusion: In this healthy elderly population BC and physical function was well preserved compared to previous studies, although many were classified as sarcopenic according to current cut-offs. Results from this study can be used as reference values for healthy community-dwelling elderly in high age.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Gothenburg, 2014.
Nyckelord [en]
Older adults, Elderly, Body Composition, Bioelectrical Impedance
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan medicin och hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13562OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-13562DiVA, id: diva2:789416
Konferens
22nd Nordic Congress of Gerontology
Tillgänglig från: 2015-02-18 Skapad: 2015-02-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-06-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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Rothenberg, Elisabet

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Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnenForskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet
Övrig annan medicin och hälsovetenskap

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