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Eating difficulties, nutrition, meal preferences and experiences among elderly: a literature overview from a Scandinavian context
Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2450-066X
Linnaeus University.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1212-293X
Linnaeus University.
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2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Food Research, ISSN 1927-0887, E-ISSN 1927-0895, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 22-37Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The risk of malnutrition increases with ageing, resulting in poorer health and higher risk of disease. Eating difficulties are important risk factors for malnutrition. Moreover, independence in relation to food and meals is highly rated by the elderly and has been associated with health and well-being. The purpose of this literature overview was to provide insights into nutritional status, food choice and preferences as well as the meal situations of home-living elderly (65+) people with motoric eating difficulties focusing on Scandinavia. The overall aim is to support independence and to prevent malnutrition. Nutritional status in the elderly was found to be negatively influenced by motoric eating difficulties including problems with manipulating food on the plate and transporting food to the mouth. Motoric eating difficulties may result in practical simplifications such as use of pre-prepared meals, less advanced cooking, and omission of certain meal constituents in order to avoid e.g. mismanagement and spillage. Eating difficulties are often accompanied by feelings of guilt and shame. Choosing smaller portions, reducing the number of eating episodes and not cooking independently have been associated with a higher risk of malnutrition. The nutritional effects of eating difficulties may be exacerbated by diminished chemosensory functions. Furthermore, both past and present food preferences should be considered in order to meet nutritional needs and meal satisfaction. Development of refined and socially accepted eating aids, in combination with tasty and nutritious products, is important in order to promote healthy and independent living among home-living elderly with motoric eating difficulties.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 22-37
Nyckelord [en]
eating difficulties, elderly, food choice, malnutrition, meal situation, nutritional status
Nationell ämneskategori
Geriatrik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13300DOI: 10.5539/jfr.v4n1p22OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-13300DiVA, id: diva2:771925
Projekt
Mat och måltidsteknik för ett hälsosamt och oberoende åldrandeTillgänglig från: 2014-12-15 Skapad: 2014-12-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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Eating Difficulties, Nutrition, Meal Preferences and ExperiencesAmong Elderly(279 kB)7306 nedladdningar
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Nyberg, MariaOlsson, ViktoriaPajalic, ZadaWendin, KarinWestergren, Albert

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Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnenForskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL)Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap IForskningsmiljön PRO-CARE
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