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Prevalence and association of female weight status and dietary habits with sociodemographic factors: a cross-sectional study in Saudi Arabia
Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4820-6203
Lund University.
The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 18, nr 5, s. 784-796Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Research about the prevalence of underweight and overweight/obesity in the Saudi Arabian female population is limited. The aim of the present study was to examine the dietary habits and the prevalence of underweight and overweight/obesity and associated factors among female university students.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.

SETTING: A university centre for female students in south-western Saudi Arabia.

SUBJECTS: The study involved 663 randomly selected female university students who self-reported their physical activities, nutritional habits and socio-economic factors. Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with the students' BMI, dietary variables, underweight and overweight/obesity.

RESULTS: The majority of the university females were normal weight (56·9 %), but a high prevalence of underweight (19·2 %) and overweight/obesity (23·8 %) occurred. Social factors significantly associated with BMI were the presence of obese parents and siblings as well as physical activity levels, marital status, number of sisters, father's level of education and more frequent intake of French fries/potato chips (>3 times/week). Several variables were found to correlate with dietary habits, underweight and overweight/obesity. Of special interest is the association between the number of siblings and the participants' BMI and dietary intake in both negative and positive ways.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this research have implications for health promotion and prevention of malnutrition among college-aged females. Health-care providers and policy makers need to involve the whole family when promoting females' physical activity. The study serves as an evidence-based background for planning and implementation of interventions targeting improvement of highly educated populations' nutritional habits.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 18, nr 5, s. 784-796
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-12834DOI: 10.1017/S1368980014001797ISI: 000350303900004PubMedID: 25188828OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-12834DiVA, id: diva2:744005
Merknad

Published online: 04 September 2014

Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-09-05 Laget: 2014-09-05 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-05bibliografisk kontrollert

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