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Actor-Observer differences in realism in confidence and frequency judgments
Lunds universitet.
Lunds universitet.
2004 (Engelska)Ingår i: Acta Psychologica, ISSN 0001-6918, E-ISSN 1873-6297, Vol. 117, nr 3, s. 251-274Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Taking a social psychological approach to metacognitive judgments, this study analyzed the difference in realism (validity) in confidence and frequency judgments (i.e., estimates of overall accuracy) between one’s own and another person’s answers to general knowledge questions. Experiment 1 showed that when judging their own answers, compared with another’s answers, the participants exhibited higher overconfidence, better ability to discriminate correct from incorrect answers, lower accuracy, and lower confidence. However, the overconfidence effect could be attributable to the lowest level of confidence. Furthermore, when heeding additional information about another’s answers the participants showed higher confidence and better discrimination ability. The overconfidence effect of Experiment 1 was not found in Experiment 2. However, the results of Experiment 2 were consistent with Experiment 1 in terms of discrimination ability, confidence, and accuracy. Finally, in both experiments the participants gave lower frequency judgments of their own overall accuracy compared with their frequency judgments of another person’s overall accuracy.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2004. Vol. 117, nr 3, s. 251-274
Nyckelord [en]
Realism, Confidence judgments, Frequency judgments, Social influence, Metacognition
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi) Tillämpad psykologi Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-22274DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2004.06.006ISI: 000225010600002PubMedID: 15500806OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-22274DiVA, id: diva2:1583835
Tillgänglig från: 2021-08-10 Skapad: 2021-08-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-08-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Johansson, Marcus
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Acta Psychologica
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)Tillämpad psykologiÖvrig annan samhällsvetenskap

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