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"Att mata monstret": en kvalitativ studie om gymnasieelevers kroppsuppfattning
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"Feeding the monster" : a qualitative study about body image among high school students (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research has shown that body image can have an impact on wellbeing. A negative body image can increase psychological suffering and have physical implications on health. A positive body image can provide protection against external factors that could lead to a negative body image. Aim: The aim of the study is to explore high school students body image and which situations and environments that has an impact on their body image. Method: The study was conducted through a qualitative method with semi structured interviews, the high school students was in the age range of 15-18. The data was gathered without any pre decided codes for analyzing. Result: The study showed that body image was not static within the high school students, body image could change from day to day and from situation, often depending on the mood. Negative body image could have effect on wellbeing overall, like thinking less of themselves, and also limit the high school students in their everyday life. Most high school students felt strongly that the body is something that you can control, with the right amount of motivation, physical activity and limited food intake, everybody could achieve their dream body. Social media had a negative impact on many of the high school students but could, for some work as a way of controlling what images they meet by unfollowing accounts that made them feel bad about themselves. Conclusion: The result of this study shows that body image can be fluid and strongly affected on the situation. Further research, focusing on what influences body image in this specific target group, could have a great impact on future interventions to improve body image.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Tidigare forskning visar att kroppsuppfattning kan påverka välmående. En negativ kroppsuppfattning kan medföra psykiskt lidande och fysiska konsekvenser för hälsan. En positiv kroppsuppfattning kan medföra ett skydd mot yttre påverkansfaktorer som skulle kunna leda till en negativ kroppsuppfattning. Syfte: Studiens syfte är att undersöka gymnasieelevers kroppsuppfattning samt vilka situationer och miljöer som har en påverkan på deras kroppsuppfattning. Metod: Studien har genomförts med kvalitativ metod i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer där 10 gymnasieelever i åldersgruppen 15–18 fått representera resultatet. Analys skedde löpande under insamling av data enligt induktiv ansats där koderna tog form under arbetets gång. Resultat: Sammanfattningsvis visar resultatet att gymnasieeleverna kunde känna både positiva och negativa känslor inför den egna kroppen, där kroppsuppfattning kunde variera beroende på situation, dagsform samt umgänge. En negativ kroppsuppfattning kunde begränsa i vardagen genom undvikande beteende men det kunde även påverka tankemönster och däri skapa lidande. Kroppen ansågs vara något som kan kontrolleras och förändras med rätt motivation, träning och mat. Sociala medier påverkade negativt i stor utsträckning men kunde även fungera som ett skydd där gymnasieeleverna tog aktiva val om att avfölja konton som påverkade negativt och följa konton med normbrytande kroppar. Konklusion: Resultatet visar att kroppsuppfattning inte är något statiskt utan varierar kraftigt mellan individer och tillfällen. Vidare forskning rörande påverkansfaktorer hos målgruppen skulle kunna förbättra utsikten för framgångsrika interventioner för att förbättra kroppsuppfattningen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
High school students, body image, social media, idealistic body, body control, norm
Keywords [sv]
Gymnasieelever, kroppsuppfattning, sociala medier, kroppsideal, kontrollerad kropp, norm
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-20017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-20017DiVA, id: diva2:1356253
Educational program
Study Programme in Health Promotion and Education
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Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-09 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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