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Longitudinal evaluation of periodontitis and tooth loss among older adults
Halland hospital.
Lunds universitet & Blekinge tekniska högskola.
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för oral hälsa. Irland, Blekinge tekniska högskola, USA, Kina.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0992-2362
2019 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 46, p. 1041-1049Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: To evaluate pattern of change in periodontal variables and tooth loss in a twelve-year follow-up study of older adults living in Sweden.

METHODS: In a prospective population study of older adults, a clinical examination and radiographic dental examination were performed at baseline (2001-2003) and after 12 years (2013-2015). In 375 individuals, the number and proportion of sites with a distance ≥4 mm and ≥5 mm from cemento-enamel junction to the bone level, the number and proportion of teeth with pockets ≥5 mm and number of teeth lost were calculated. Dental caries was registered. Periodontitis was defined as having ≥2 sites with ≥5 mm distance from cemento-enamel junction to the marginal bone level and ≥1 tooth with pockets ≥5 mm.

RESULTS: A diagnosis of periodontitis was evident in 39% of the individuals, and 23% of the individuals lost ≥3 teeth over the study period. The proportion of sites with ≥4 mm and ≥5 mm bone loss increased with age, while the proportion of teeth with pockets remained stable. Periodontitis was the strongest predictor for losing ≥3 teeth, OR 2.9 (p < .001) in the final model.

CONCLUSIONS: Periodontitis is a risk factor for future tooth loss among older adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 46, p. 1041-1049
Keywords [en]
epidemiology, older adults, periodontitis, public health, tooth loss
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-19963DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.13167PubMedID: 31294471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-19963DiVA, id: diva2:1351170
Available from: 2019-09-12 Created: 2019-09-13 Last updated: 2019-09-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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