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Hög stress, låg självkänsla och psykisk ohälsa, samt begränsad coping bland vuxna personer med autismspektrumtillstånd
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Psykisk ohälsa, som ångest och depression, är vanligt inom autismspektrumtillstånd (AST). Syftet i studien var att undersöka effekten av stress, självkänsla och copingstrategier på den psykiska ohälsan. Stickprovet bestod av 123 vuxna personer med AST och en kontrollgrupp utan diagnoser (n= 115). Enligt oberoende t-test hade personer inom AST statistiskt signifikant högre grad av både ångest och depression. Båda grupperna hade förhöjda nivåer på ångest. AST-gruppen hade även förhöjd nivå på depression. Socialventilering var emellertid en skyddsfaktor för utveckling av depression i båda grupperna. AST-gruppen hade statistiskt signifikant lägre självkänsla och högre grad av upplevd stress än kontrollgruppen. AST-gruppen hade en sämre förmåga till problemlösande coping och positiv omtolkning. AST-gruppen hade även statistiskt signifikant högre grad av affektiv hantering och förnekande. 

Abstract [en]

Mental health difficulties like anxiety and depression are highly prevalent among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of the study was to examine the effects of stress, self-esteem and coping strategies on mental health difficulties. The ASD group consisted of 123 individuals and 115 persons without diagnoses. According to the independet t-test, people within ASD had statistically significantly higher degrees of both anxiety and depression Both groups had elevated levels of anxiety. The ASD group had also elevated degrees of depression. Social venting was a preventive factor against developing depression in both groups. The ASD group had lower self-esteem and higher perceived stress compared to the control group. The ASD group had statistically significantly higher levels of affective coping and denial. The ASD group had also less degrees of problem solving and positive reinterpretation compared to the control group. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Stress, Coping, Self-esteem, Depression, Anxiety, Autism Spectrum Disorder
Keywords [sv]
Stress, coping, självkänsla, depression, ångest, autismspektrumtillstånd
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18954OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-18954DiVA, id: diva2:1283313
Educational program
Magisterprogram i psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-31 Created: 2019-01-28 Last updated: 2019-01-31Bibliographically approved

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