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Cardiovascular risk factors in relation to dietary patterns in 50-year-old men and women: a feasibility study of a short FFQ
University of Gothenburg.
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3692-7014
University of Gothenburg.
University of Gothenburg.
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2019 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 645-653Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the feasibility of a simple new fifteen-item FFQ as a tool for screening risk of poor dietary patterns in a healthy middle-aged population and to investigate how the results of the FFQ correlated with cardiovascular risk factors and socio-economic factors.

DESIGN: A randomized population-based cross-sectional study. Metabolic measurements for cardiovascular risk factors and information about lifestyle were collected. A fifteen-item FFQ was created to obtain information about dietary patterns. From the FFQ, a healthy eating index was created with three dietary groups: good, average and poor. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess relationships between dietary patterns and cardiovascular risk factors.

SETTING: Sweden.

SUBJECTS: Men and women aged 50 years and living in Gothenburg, Sweden.

RESULTS: In total, 521 middle-aged adults (257 men, 264 women) were examined. With good dietary pattern as the reference, there was a gradient association of having obesity, hypertension and high serum TAG in those with average and poor dietary patterns. After adjustment for education and lifestyle factors, individuals with a poor dietary pattern still had significantly higher risk (OR; 95 % CI) of obesity (2·33; 1·10, 4·94), hypertension (2·73; 1·44, 5·20) and high serum TAG (2·62; 1·33, 5·14) compared with those with a good dietary pattern.

CONCLUSIONS: Baseline data collected by a short FFQ can predict cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged Swedish men and women. The FFQ could be a useful tool in health-care settings, when screening for risk of poor dietary patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 22, no 4, p. 645-653
Keywords [en]
Cardiovascular risk factors, Dietary patterns, FFQ, Screening
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18725DOI: 10.1017/S1368980018002264ISI: 000462677500006PubMedID: 30215342OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-18725DiVA, id: diva2:1250029
Available from: 2018-09-21 Created: 2018-09-21 Last updated: 2019-04-15Bibliographically approved

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