hkr.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Female university students’ physical activity levels and associated factors: a cross-sectional study in southwestern Saudi Arabia
Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm.
National Childhood Obesity Center, Departments of Pediatrics and of Clinical Science, Intervention, and Technology, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institute.
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 10, nr 8, s. 3502-3517Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The high prevalence of physical inactivity in Saudi Arabia is a growing challenge to public health. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of physical activity (PA) and associated factors among female university students. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 663 randomly selected female university students who completed the Arab Teens Life Style questionnaire. Data included measurements of anthropometric, socioeconomic and environmental factors, as well as self-reported PA. Ordinal regression was used to identify associated factors with low, moderate and high PA levels. Results: The mean age of participants was 20.4 years (SD 1.5). Mean BMI of the students in relation to PA were 23.0, 22.9, 22.1 for high, moderate and low levels of activity, respectively. The analysis revealed significantly higher PA levels among married students, those with high educated mothers, and those who lived far from parks, and lower activity levels among underweight students. Conclusions: This study raises four important determinants for female university students’ PA levels. These factors could be of great importance in the endeavor to prevent the health-threatening increase in physical inactivity patterns and thus non-communicable diseases and obesity where the focus should be on the specific situation and needs of women in Saudi Arabia.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2013. Vol. 10, nr 8, s. 3502-3517
Emneord [en]
epidemiologic methods, Middle East, women’s health, Saudi Arabia, physical activity, female university students, cross-sectional studies, socioeconomic factors
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10903DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10083502ISI: 000330526700026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-10903DiVA, id: diva2:640229
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-08-13 Laget: 2013-08-13 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Nutrition, weight status and physical activity in Saudi Arabia: with special focus on women
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Nutrition, weight status and physical activity in Saudi Arabia: with special focus on women
2014 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Background: The prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has been escalating to levels that are threatening the public health of the entire KSA population, especially the female population. However, both physical activity (PA) education and research have only focused to a limited extent on women’s health status.

Objectives: The overall aim of this thesis was to increase our knowledge on the current health situation of both a hospital-based and a healthy female population in the KSA with regard to nutritional status, habits, practices, and PA.

Methods: This thesis contains four Papers (I–IV) whose data were collected in the southwestern region of the KSA. A total of 166 hospital patients (60 women and 106 men) were screened regarding their nutritional status, 15 registered nurses were interviewed, and 663 female university students self-reported their PA levels and nutritional habits and had their anthropometrics measured. The data were analyzed using SPSS (Papers I, III, and IV) and latent content analysis (Paper II).

Findings: Significantly more women (29%) than men (10%) were found to be obese in Paper I. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of patients at risk for undernutrition between women and men (40% vs. 38%), but significantly more women than men received care targeting undernutrition in the hospital-based study population. Individual interviews with nurses in Paper II showed that nurses were “bridging malnutrition and physical inactivity” by identifying “potentials to provide good nutrition and PA” to the patients and their relatives and by stating their “ability to provide patients with good nutrition and PA”. The majority (57.0%) of the female participants in Papers III and IV were of normal weight, 19.2% were underweight, and 23.8% were overweight/obese. The mean body mass index (BMI) of the students in relation to high, moderate, and low levels of PA was 23.0, 22.9, and 22.1, respectively. Significant associations were found between PA and marital status, the mother’s education level, the participant’s BMI, and residential proximity to parks and recreational facilities. Several variables were found to correlate with dietary habits, underweight, and overweight/ obesity. Of special interest were the negative and positive associations between the number of siblings and the participants’ BMI and dietary habits.

Interpretations: The results of these studies emphasize the coexistence of underweight and overweight/obesity among both healthy persons and hospital patients. The total prevalence of overweight/obesity among both hospital patients and female university students is higher in the KSA compared to other international settings. Furthermore, the fact that patients at risk of undernutrition or with manifest undernutrition do not get adequate nutritional care is understandable given our results showing that the interviewed nurses were not given the authority to provide the nutritional care that they thought necessary.

Conclusions: This thesis suggests that the promotion of PA and nutritional education for women should be a major target for policy makers as well as public health practitioners and researchers. The goal for such activities would be to prevent the inevitable health complications related to poor dietary habits and lack of PA.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Karolinska institutet, 2014. s. 61
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13456 (URN)978-91-7549-329-9 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-01-29 Laget: 2015-01-29 Sist oppdatert: 2015-01-29bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(240 kB)820 nedlastinger
Filinformasjon
Fil FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstørrelse 240 kBChecksum SHA-512
7c7a640bec7a7c2e0268601e0286624dda1267dd99baf9e6d5bd39f7581e81d966d6af77935fe4874afd7d103d33be841dd2f4df504fe4f1aa026698bc9ad7c6
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Andre lenker

Forlagets fulltekst

Personposter BETA

Khalaf, AtikaWestergren, Albert

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Khalaf, AtikaWestergren, Albert
Av organisasjonen
I samme tidsskrift
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 820 nedlastinger
Antall nedlastinger er summen av alle nedlastinger av alle fulltekster. Det kan for eksempel være tidligere versjoner som er ikke lenger tilgjengelige

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 258 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf