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Prevalence and determinants of obesity and physical inactivity among female university students in South Western Saudi Arabia
Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
Gymnasik- och indrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4820-6203
Vise andre og tillknytning
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Clinical Nutrition Supplements: abstracts of the 33rd ESPEN congress, 2011, Vol. 6(1), s. 100-Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Rationale: The prevalence of obesity in Saudi Arabia (KSA) is a growing challenge to public health, it may affect and be related to the levels of physical activity. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of overweight and obesity, physical activity, and unhealthy food intake among female university students in Saudi Arabia. In addition, determinants for levels of physical activity and unhealthy food intake were examined.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 663 female students in a university centre in KSA. Measures included anthropometric, socioeconomic, environmental, cultural, and life style factors such as physical activities, sedentary activities and eating habits. Logistic regressions were used to identify predictors of physical activity and unhealthy food intake respectively.

Results: The prevalence of overweight was 19% and obesity 6%. Physically active females were 41%, as defined by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommendations for moderate physical activity (Haskell et al. 2007). Concerning vigorous physical activity, only 17%, of the subjects met the current recommendations. According to WHO’s recommendations for physical activity levels 55% were minimally active and 12% active. Significant predictors for moderate/vigorous physical activity were found to be proximity to parks, mothers’ education (positive relation), lack of knowledge, and number of brothers (negative relation). It also emerged that 88% of the participants had unhealthy food intake with the fathers’ level of education as the only significant predictor.

Conclusion: A minority of the subjects met with current recommendations for physical activity. Intervention studies and implementation of national nutritional guidelines are needed and should be integrated in the education of the adolescents and young adults.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2011. Vol. 6(1), s. 100-
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9999DOI: 10.1016/S1744-1161(11)70255-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-9999DiVA, id: diva2:584993
Konferanse
33rd ESPEN Congress, Gothenburg, Sweden
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-01-09 Laget: 2013-01-09 Sist oppdatert: 2016-01-21bibliografisk kontrollert

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