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Children's nutrient intake at preschool and at home
Department of Domestic Sciences Information Sciences, Uppsala University.
Swedish Dairy Association AB, Stockholm. (Mat- och måltidsvetenskap)
Department of Information Sciences, Uppsala University.
Department of Information Sciences Uppsala University.
2001 (engelsk)Inngår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 90, nr 5, s. 483-491Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A preschool-based dietary survey, using 7-d records, was carried out in a suburb of Stockholm. The aim was to assess the intake of food and the quality of the diet of preschool children aged 3-5 y at preschool and at home, and to compare the dietary intake with the Swedish dietary recommendations for preschool children. The respective mean intakes of protein, fat, carbohydrates and sucrose, expressed as a percentage of total energy intake were 14, 38, 50 and 9 at preschool, and at home 14, 36, 52 and 12 on weekdays, 14, 34, 55 and 16 on weekend days. The mean intakes of seven vitamins and minerals were low only for selenium as compared with the recommended level. No differences were found in nutrient density between diet at preschool and diet at home, with the exception of dietary fibre (higher at preschool). On weekdays there was a significantly higher nutrient density for calcium, zinc, selenium, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin C and dietary fibre compared with weekend days. CONCLUSION: The average intakes of energy and nutrients per meal at preschool compared with the recommended levels for children aged 4-6 y were low for all meals (breakfast, lunch and afternoon snack). This, however, was compensated for by home meals.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2001. Vol. 90, nr 5, s. 483-491
Emneord [en]
Attitudes, children, food, interviews, pre-school, staff
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6328DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2001.tb00786.xISI: 000169071600003PubMedID: 11430705OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-6328DiVA, id: diva2:301290
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-03-03 Laget: 2010-03-03 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Pre-school children's food habits and meal situation: factors influencing the dietary intake at pre-school in a Swedish municipality
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Pre-school children's food habits and meal situation: factors influencing the dietary intake at pre-school in a Swedish municipality
2002 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

A pre-school-based dietary survey, using seven-day records, focus group interviews and semi-structured interviews, was carried out in a suburban area of Stockholm. The overall objective was to investigate the individual food and nutrient intake of pre-school children at all meals during the day, as well as factors that might influence children’s intake. The average energy and nutrient intake per day for the whole week was satisfactory for the 109 pre-school children, but the temporal distribution throughout the day was skewed. The energy and nutrient intakes of food at the pre-school were lower than recommended. This was, however, compensated for by meals eaten at home. The children had a more varied food intake during weekdays than weekend days. This study has not provided any evidence to support the selection of water versus milk as a preferable lunch beverage in terms of pre-school children's total milk consumption and general dietary quality. However, the dietary analyses showed that there could be a reason to limit pre-school children’s daily milk and fermented milk intake to half a litre, according to the existing guidelines. The children associated food and eating with rules and norms. They did not categorise food as good or bad, as adults often do, but as "food" and "non-food"; for example, sweets were not food. The method used in this study, the focus group interview, was judged to be a useful tool for exploring how children think about and jointly reflect upon food. The role of the teacher had changed over the past years and they had not yet found a solid ground for integrating food and meals into their everyday work.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis :, 2002. s. 64
Serie
Comprehensive summaries of Uppsala dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0282-7492 ; 114
Emneord
Nutrition, förskolebarn, mat och matvanor, Sverige
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-6212 (URN)91-554-5240-X (ISBN)
Disputas
(engelsk)
Merknad
Diss. (sammanfattning) Uppsala : Univ., 2002Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-03-03 Laget: 2010-02-18 Sist oppdatert: 2010-12-07bibliografisk kontrollert

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