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Conceptual and perceptual factors in the picture superiority effect
Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
2006 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 0954-1446, E-ISSN 1464-0635, Vol. 18, nr 6, s. 813-847Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The picture superiority effect, i.e. better memory for pictures than for corresponding words, has been variously ascribed to a conceptual or a perceptual processing advantage. The present study aimed to disentangle perceptual and conceptual contributions. Pictures and words were tested for recognition in both their original formats and translated into participants´ second language. Multinomial Processing Tree (Batchelder & Riefer, 1999) and MINERVA (Hintzman, 1984) models were fitted to the data, and parameters corresponding to perceptual and conceptual recognition were estimated. Over three experiments, orienting tasks were varied, with neutral (Exp 1), semantic (Exp. 2), and perceptual (Exp. 3) instructions, and the encoding manipulations were used to validate the parameters. Results indicate that there is picture superiority in both conceptual and perceptual memory, but conceptual processing makes a stronger contribution to the advantage of pictures over words in recognition.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2006. Vol. 18, nr 6, s. 813-847
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-662DOI: 10.1080/09541440500412361ISI: 000240654600002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-662DiVA, id: diva2:208813
Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-03-20 Laget: 2009-03-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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