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Assessing sensory properties of the early modern medicine “Elixir amarum Hiaernei”
Uppsala Universitet.
Karolinska Institutet.
Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7249-2628
2018 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Introduction

We are reworking the early modern medicine with focus on products, today known as Swedish Bitters or similar names, and historically as “Elixir amarum Hiaernei”. The history of the recipe dates back at least to mid-18th century. It was probably one of the Hiaerne-brothers, Ulrik Leonhard (1712-1758) or Christian Henric (1709-1794), who invented this universal medication. From a number of Linnaeus sources from later 18th century it is well known that odor, flavor and taste were used to assess pharmacological potential of medicinal herbals.

The purpose of this study was to assess ingredients of “Elixir amarum Hiaernei” from a sensory perspective.      

Methods

The ingredients in “Elixir amarum Hiaernei” according to the 18th century recipes: agarikon, aloe, gentian, myrrh, rhubarb, saffron, Theriac Andromachalis, zedoary together with alcohol and sugar.

These ingredients were assessed by a trained sensory panel using a slightly modified version of the Flavor Profile Method®. Each ingredient was evaluated with respect to odor, taste and flavor.

Results

All ingredients were intense in taste, flavor and odor. The ingredients could be described due to its sensory characteristics, in which they differed largely. However, they had in common that they were high in bitterness.

Discussion

The ingredients of this historic medication had intense tastes, flavors and odors in line with historical sources. It points for example out that the senses, especially olfaction, was of high importance for the apothecary during the 18th century. In order to find the right blend of ingredients the sensory profiles were of highest importance, both ingredients and blended medication were valuated due to this by physicians as well as patients. Sensory evaluation was also of major importance in the quality assessment of medical herbals by the early modern apothecary.

 

Sensory profiles of the medical ingredients will be presented at the Eurosense symposium.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018.
Emneord [en]
sensory, pharmacology history, medicine
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18671OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-18671DiVA, id: diva2:1246355
Konferanse
Eurosense2018
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-09-07 Laget: 2018-09-07 Sist oppdatert: 2018-09-14bibliografisk kontrollert

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Wendin, Karin

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