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The influence of temperature and dose on antibacterial peptide response against lipopolysaccharide in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4102-2885
2003 (engelsk)Inngår i: Fish and Shellfish Immunology, ISSN 1050-4648, E-ISSN 1095-9947, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 25-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) were inoculated with two different doses of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) or phosphate-saline (PS) buffer under different temperature conditions (6 and 20 degrees C). The activity of the antibacterial peptide fraction, purified through reverse phase chromatography from mussel haemolyph, was compared at different time intervals after the inoculation. The activity was determined as the minimal peptide concentration that inhibited growth of the Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli D21, by using radial diffusion assay. The antibacterial activity for mussels inoculated with LPS changed over time, both at 6 and 20 degrees C, but those inoculated with PS-buffer did not. The response was enhanced within a time course of 3h. The higher temperature did increase the inhibitory activity and made the mussel respond at an earlier stage, in comparison to that at 6 degrees C. At 20 degrees C, mussels inoculated with 10 microg of LPS responded faster than those inoculated with 0.1 microg of LPS. In addition, cytotoxic effects of LPS on mussel haemocytes were investigated in vitro, using a colorimetric assay. The survival index (SI%) for haemocytes decreased with 76% at 6 degrees C but increased with 100% at 20 degrees C, irrespective of the dose of LPS. This indicated that LPS did not influence the viability of the haemocytes but the high temperature increased their metabolic state. Likely, antibacterial response was provoked by LPS in a dose-dependent manner and favoured by higher metabolic state of the haemocytes, elicited at higher temperature. These results provide important considerations for variability in the internal defence of mussels and consequently, also the retention of viable human pathogens in mussels.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2003. Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 25-37
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17293PubMedID: 12547624OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-17293DiVA, id: diva2:1142860
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-20 Laget: 2017-09-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-09-20bibliografisk kontrollert

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