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Housing adaptations and housing accessibility problems among older adults with long-standing spinal cord injury
Lunds universitet.
Lunds universitet.
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Man - Health - Society (MHS). Lunds universitet.
Lunds universitet.
2020 (English)In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 0308-0226, E-ISSN 1477-6006, p. 1-10, article id 0308022620979516Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Adults with spinal cord injuries are living longer than previously, and a majority are living in ordinary housing in the community. Housing accessibility is important for maintaining independent occupational performance for this population, but knowledge in this area is insufficient. We investigated housing adaptations and current accessibility problems among older adults with long-standing (>10 years) spinal cord injuries. Method: Data from home visits among 122 older adults with spinal cord injuries in Sweden were used. Housing adaptations and environmental barriers were descriptively analysed. Findings: Kitchens, entrances, and hygiene areas were common locations for housing adaptations and environmental barriers that generated accessibility problems. The most common adaptations were ramps, wheelchair-accessible stovetops, and ceiling-lifts. Wall-mounted cupboards and high shelves (kitchen), inaccessible storage areas (outside the dwelling), and a lack of grabbars (hygiene area) generated the most accessibility problems. Conclusion: Despite housing adaptations, there are considerable accessibility problems in the dwellings of older adults with long-standing spinal cord injuries in Sweden, indicating that long-term follow-up of the housing situation of this population is necessary. Focusing on accessible housing as a prerequisite for occupational performance is at the core of occupational therapy, deserving attention on the individual as well as the societal level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. p. 1-10, article id 0308022620979516
Keywords [en]
Built environment, home modification, Housing Enabler, paraplegia, person–environment fit, tetraplegia, occupational therapy
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-22230DOI: 10.1177/0308022620979516ISI: 000660938700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-22230DiVA, id: diva2:1581614
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareKonung Gustaf V:s och Drottning Victorias Frimurarestiftelse
Note

Founded by the Ribbingska Foundation in Lund. The first author was supported by the Swedish National Graduate School for Competitive Science on Ageing and Health (SWEAH), financed by the Swedish Research Council.

Available from: 2021-07-22 Created: 2021-07-22 Last updated: 2021-07-27Bibliographically approved

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Haak, Maria
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CiteExportLink to record
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