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Ekstrand, Joakim
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Schmidt, M., Ekstrand, J. & Bengtsson-Tops, A. (2018). Clinical profiles and temporal patterns of psychiatric emergency room visitors in Sweden. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 72(3), 197-204
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Clinical profiles and temporal patterns of psychiatric emergency room visitors in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 72, no 3, p. 197-204Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS: To describe persons visiting the psychiatric emergency room (PER) in Sweden and to compare persons who frequently (PFV) and infrequently (PIFV) visit PERs in terms of group size, age, gender, PER location inside versus outside the home municipality, diagnosis (ICD 10), temporal patterns of visits and hospital admissions.

METHODS: This register study included all visits to PERs in one Swedish county over 3 years, 2013-2015 (N = 67,031 visits). The study employed descriptive statistics as well as Chi-square tests combined with Bonferroni correction to compare PFV with PIFV.

RESULTS: Of the total of 27,282 visitors, 2201 (8.1%) were identified as PFV (five or more visits within 12 months) and they accounted for 38.1% of the total visits. The study found differences between PFV and PIFV in gender, diagnostic profile, hospital admissions and temporal patterns. Differences were also detected with regard to distance between PERs and home municipalities. However, no age-related differences were found between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS: PFV and PIFV have different clinical profiles and temporal patterns. These results may be important when planning, developing and evaluating interventions targeting the needs of each group, which is in accordance with a person-centred approach. Such an approach might eventually result in fewer visits to PERs.

Keywords
Visitors, diagnosis, hospital admissions, psychiatric emergency, temporal patterns
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17722 (URN)10.1080/08039488.2017.1417477 (DOI)000424948600007 ()29254427 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Schmidt, M., Ekstrand, J. & Bengtsson-Tops, A. (2018). Self-reported needs for care, support and treatment of persons who frequently visit psychiatric emergency rooms in Sweden. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 39(9), 738-745
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-reported needs for care, support and treatment of persons who frequently visit psychiatric emergency rooms in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 39, no 9, p. 738-745Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: To investigate self-reported needs for care, support and treatment among persons who frequently visit psychiatric emergency rooms (PERs).

DESIGN: A cross-sectional design. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected using an interview-based manual. Qualitative data were analysed using content analysis, whereas quantitative data were analysed using descriptive, non-parametric statistical tests.

RESULTS: Persons who frequently visit PERs self-reported unmet needs for care, support and treatment in life domains such as health, socialisation, daytime activities, and emotional and financial security.

CONCLUSION: To meet the needs of persons who frequently visit PERs, close cooperation between concerned welfare actors should be implemented.

National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18566 (URN)10.1080/01612840.2018.1481471 (DOI)000459680300003 ()30111203 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-08-21 Created: 2018-08-21 Last updated: 2019-03-14Bibliographically approved
Hellmer, S. & Ekstrand, J. (2013). The iron ore market in the early twenty-first century: the impact of the increasing Chinese dominance. Mineral Economics, 25(2-3), 89-95
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The iron ore market in the early twenty-first century: the impact of the increasing Chinese dominance
2013 (English)In: Mineral Economics, ISSN 2191-2203, E-ISSN 2191-2211, Vol. 25, no 2-3, p. 89-95Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

China's increased participation in the global market for iron ore has had tremendous impacts of various kinds. The ore has changed routes and destinations. In 2010, China had reached a point at which it alone accounted for over 50% of the global trade of iron ore. These large changes are unavoidably mirrored in the price that rose dramatically following the Chinese increased demand for iron ore. It was only Brazil and Australia that responded with higher production, an increased production that in no way did cover the increased demand from China. As Australia and Brazil increased their respective export to China, they both reduced their export to almost every other country such as the US, Germany and France who all have reduced their steel production. Other exporting countries like India, Canada and Sweden could not respond fast enough to the demand increase since these countries did not have the ability to adjust their respective production in the immediate and short run. These countries have, as a consequence, gained economic rent due to higher prices and are expected to reinvest in order to increase production in the near future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: , 2013
Keywords
Iron ore, China, LKAB, Market dominance
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9718 (URN)10.1007/s13563-012-0021-1 (DOI)
Available from: 2012-09-18 Created: 2012-09-18 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
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