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Abrahamsson, Agneta
Publications (10 of 33) Show all publications
Ander, B., Abrahamsson, A. & Bergnehr, D. (2017). 'It is ok to be drunk, but not too drunk': party socialising, drinking ideals, and learning trajectories in Swedish adolescent discourse on alcohol use. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(7), 841-854
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'It is ok to be drunk, but not too drunk': party socialising, drinking ideals, and learning trajectories in Swedish adolescent discourse on alcohol use
2017 (English)In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 20, no 7, p. 841-854Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores adolescent reasoning behind the use of alcohol at different types of parties, often house parties, and about the strategies to achieve maturity and prevent losing control. The data consist of semi-structured interviews with 23 adolescents aged 16-18 years (16 males and seven females). The interview transcripts were analysed using an inductive, thematic approach. All informants had personal experience with drinking at parties in different social settings. Our results suggest that the process of learning how to drink, often through failure in terms of being intoxicated, is important for adolescents' who strive to control their alcohol intake resulted in a good time and a break from everyday life. Furthermore, the results indicate that different social settings and party types engender different drinking patterns. Maturity and controlled conduct come across as desired ideals that provide a person with symbolic capital and thus, social status.

Keywords
Adolescents, alcohol, party socialising, drinking cultures, interview data
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17078 (URN)10.1080/13676261.2016.1273515 (DOI)000404272800004 ()
Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2017-08-16Bibliographically approved
Carlsson, N., Johansson, A., Abrahamsson, A. & Andersson Gäre, B. (2013). How to minimize children’s environmental tobacco smoke exposure: an intervention in a clinical setting in high risk areas. BMC Pediatrics, 13, 76
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to minimize children’s environmental tobacco smoke exposure: an intervention in a clinical setting in high risk areas
2013 (English)In: BMC Pediatrics, ISSN 1471-2431, E-ISSN 1471-2431, Vol. 13, p. 76-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

Despite the low prevalence of daily smokers in Sweden, children are still being exposed to nvironmental tobacco smoke (ETS), primarily by their smoking parents. A prospective intervention study using ethods from Quality Improvement was performed in Child Health Care (CHC). The aim was to provide nurses with ew methods for motivating and supporting parents in their efforts to protect children from ETS exposure.

Method:

Collaborative learning was used to implement and test an intervention bundle. Twenty-two CHC nurses ecruited 86 families with small children which had at least one smoking parent. Using a bundle of interventions, urses met and had dialogues with the parents over a one-year period. A detailed questionnaire on cigarette onsumption and smoking policies in the home was answered by the parents at the beginning and at the end of he intervention, when children also took urine tests to determine cotinine levels.

Results:

Seventy-two families completed the study. Ten parents (11%) quit smoking. Thirty-two families (44%) ecreased their cigarette consumption. Forty-five families (63%) were outdoor smokers at follow up. The proportion f children with urinary cotinine values of >6 ng/ml had decreased.

Conclusion:

The intensified tobacco prevention in CHC improved smoking parents’ ability to protect their children rom ETS exposure.

Keywords
Children, Child Health Care, Tobacco smoke prevention, Passive smoking
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11060 (URN)10.1186/1471-2431-13-76 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-09-04 Created: 2013-09-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Abrahamsson, A. & Samarasinghe, K. (2013). Open pre-schools at integrated health services: a program theory. International Journal for Integrated Care, 13, e014
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Open pre-schools at integrated health services: a program theory
2013 (English)In: International Journal for Integrated Care, ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 13, p. e014-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Family centres in Sweden are integrated services that reach all prospective parents and parents with children up to their sixth year, because of the co-location of the health service with the social service and the open pre-school. The personnel on the multi-professional site work together to meet the needs of the target group. The article explores a program theory focused on the open pre-schools at family centres.

Method: A multi-case design is used and the sample consists of open pre-schools at six family centres. The hypothesis is based on previous research and evaluation data. It guides the data collection which is collected and analysed stepwise. Both parents and personnel are interviewed individually and in groups at each centre.

Findings: The hypothesis was expanded to a program theory. The compliance of the professionals was the most significant element that explained why the open access service facilitated positive parenting. The professionals act in a compliant manner to meet the needs of the children and parents as well as in creating good conditions for social networking and learning amongst the parents.

Conclusion: The compliance of the professionals in this program theory of open pre-schools at family centres can be a standard in integrated and open access services, whereas the organisation form can vary. The best way of increasing the number of integrative services is to support and encourage professionals that prefer to work in a compliant manner.

Keywords
integrated family centres, family support, program theory, parent empowerment, child health, multi-site design, professional compliance
National Category
Social Sciences Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11052 (URN)23882164 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2013-09-12 Created: 2013-09-03 Last updated: 2014-01-29Bibliographically approved
Abrahamsson, A., Lindmark, U. & Gerdner, A. (2013). Sense of coherence of reindeer herders and other Samis in comparison to other Swedish citizens. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 72, 20633
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sense of coherence of reindeer herders and other Samis in comparison to other Swedish citizens
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 2242-3982, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 72, p. 20633-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Samis are indigenous people in north Europe. In the territory called Sápmi (Lapland), reindeer herding is the traditional base for the Sami economy. The relation between living conditions and positive health of the Swedish Samis has been sparsely studied. As health is closely linked to sense of coherence (SOC), an understanding of the background factors to SOC may contribute knowledge that might be useful in promoting living conditions and health.

METHODS: The study examines relations between the level of SOC and background factors from surveys in a Sami population (n=613) in comparison to a non-Sami population (n=525) in Sweden, and in comparison between 2 subsamples of Samis, that is, herders and non-herders.

RESULTS: There are more similarities than differences between the Sami and non-Sami populations. However, dividing the Sami population, reindeer herders had significantly lower SOC, and in specific the subcomponent manageability, that is, less ability to use available resources to meet different demands in life, compared to non-herders.

CONCLUSIONS: In addition to age and health, predictors of SOC are related to the life form of reindeer husbandry and the belonging to the herding community.

Keywords
Sami population, non-Sami population, survey, sense of coherence, general resistance resources, health determinants, social support, threats to reindeer herding, Sami life form, meaning of reindeer herding
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10827 (URN)10.3402/ijch.v72i0.20633 (DOI)000322601000001 ()23853763 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2013-08-08 Created: 2013-08-08 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Samarasinghe, K., Arvidsson, B., Abrahamsson, A. & Fridlund, B. (2012). The promotion of family wellness for refugee families in cultural transition: a phenomenographic study. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 2(4), 92-104
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The promotion of family wellness for refugee families in cultural transition: a phenomenographic study
2012 (English)In: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, ISSN 1925-4040, E-ISSN 1925-4059, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 92-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To illustrate how nurses can promote family wellness and facilitate acculturation for involuntary migrant families as conceptualized by bilingual interpreters and cultural mediators with own past refugee experience.  Due to the nature of involuntary migration and accompanying acculturation, refugee families face a complex transition, exposing them to vulnerability in cohesion and family function. Involuntary migrant health needs are largely managed within the Primary Health Care sector where Primary Health Care Nurses (PHCN) play an important role. Additionally, bilingual interpreters and cultural mediators with personal experience of being refugees and subsequent acculturation play a critical role in bridging the language and cultural gap between migrant families and PHCNs.

Methods: The study is descriptive and explorative in design with a phenomenographic approach. Data was collected in Southern Sweden utilizing in-depth interviews with ten bilingual interpreters and cultural mediators originating from the Balkans, Kurdistan, Eritrea and Somalia. A contextual analysis with reference to phenomenography was used in interpreting the data material.

Results: Three separate themes illustrated the meaning of family wellness: a sense of belonging to the new homeland, the maintenance of self-esteem and stable family interrelationships. The analysis demonstrated that the way ex-refugee bilingual interpreters and cultural mediators perceived of how to promote family wellness, fell into three qualitative different conceptions: (1) Promotion of family wellness is the responsibility of the family itself, manifested in its attitude in wanting to adjust to change, (2) Promotion of family wellness is the consideration of those outside the family and is marked by understanding and respectful attitudes, (3) Promotion of family wellness is a societal responsibility to which successful integration is a prerequisite.

Conclusions: The promotion of health of involuntary migrant families in cultural transition is complex due to families, other members of the society and society at large all contributing to family wellness in the process of acculturation. For nurses to facilitate a healthy transition for involuntary migrant families, a holistic approach working with the entire family in a psychosocial way and cooperating with other health care professionals, community authorities and ethnic organizations maybe a future direction in encounters with involuntary migrant families with health problems. Adopting a family system approach will enable nurses to provide culturally and transition-competent quality care by enabling stabilizing interfamily relationships through supportive conversations about changes and its subsequent reactions and possible coping of the family as a unit. Further research in order to enhance health promotion would preferable take on a participatory approach.

Keywords
Refugee, Cultural transition, Family wellness, Heath promotion, Phenomenography
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9619 (URN)10.5430/jnep.v2n4p92 (DOI)
Available from: 2012-08-23 Created: 2012-08-23 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Bing, V., Johannesson, K., Stål, M., Espling Huzell, A., Henriksson, M., Tornbjer Tullberg, M., . . . Abrahamsson, A. (2011). Det har både blivit lättare och svårare - om det nya i att arbeta på familjecentraler. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 88(2), 133-143
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det har både blivit lättare och svårare - om det nya i att arbeta på familjecentraler
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2011 (English)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, no 2, p. 133-143Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Den här artikeln utgår ifrån personalens perspektiv. Första delen är resultat från en enkätstudie som fokuserar på hur personal förändrat sitt sätt att arbeta sedan de började arbeta på familjecentral. De flesta upplever att eftersom de har andra professioner i samma hus lättare upptäcker familjer med extra behov av stöd och bättre kan fokusera på sina egna arbetsuppgifter. Som fördjupning av svaren i enkäten har olika personalkategorier ombetts skriva en kortfattad berättelse om sitt eget arbete på familjecentral. Sjuksköterskor, barnmorska, psykolog, socionom, förskollärare, bibliotekarie och samordnare berättar hur de arbetar. Slutsatserna från artikeln är att familjecentraler kan ses som ett svar på att stödet till blivande och småbarnsföräldrar har utökats på de områden som den traditionella mödra- och barnhälsovården har sett som problematisk att möta. Sannolikt ökar förutsättningarna för att de som behöver extra stöd också kan få möjlighet till detta under förutsättning att extra stöd finns när familjecentralens resurser inte räcker till.

Abstract [en]

This article takes off from the perspective of the personnel. Firstly, if and what changes occur in the style of working in personnel after they had started to work at a family centre in Sweden was assessed. They were detecting the extra needs of families more easily because of the presence of other professionals. Secondly, in making a deeper assessment, other personnel were asked to write their story about working at a family centre. The family centres can earlier than the traditional healthcare detect more complex needs of families with young children. However, more specialised support needs to be available when the family centres resources are not enough.

Keywords
Tvärprofessionellt samarbete, samlokalisering, föräldrastödsinsatser, berättelser
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11059 (URN)
Available from: 2013-09-12 Created: 2013-09-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Abrahamsson, A. & Bing, V. (2011). Familjecentralen: mervärde för alla föräldrar genom samlokalisering?. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 88(2), 100-109
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Familjecentralen: mervärde för alla föräldrar genom samlokalisering?
2011 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, no 2, p. 100-109Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Barnens hälsa påverkas redan tidigt i livet av föräldrarnas livsvillkor. Låg social status, brist på vänner och stress tidigt i livet leder till hälsoskillnader. Familjecentraler med en öppen förskola och förebyggande socialt arbete är en tidig insats och en lågriskstrategi som riktar sig till alla. Den har goda förutsättningar för att stärka föräldrarnas tillit och gemenskap med andra och kan bidra till att minska hälsoskillnader genom att främja barnens hälsoutveckling. Syftena med utvärderingen av de 16 familjecentralerna var att undersöka i vilken mån besökarna är representativa för befolkningen i upptagningsområdet och av vilka anledningar föräldrarna besöker öppna förskolan på familjecentralen. Jämförelse mellan befintlig befolkningsdata i upptagningsområdena och föräldrabesökares bakgrundsdata visar att familjecentralen i huvudsak når en representativ del av befolkningen. Föräldrar använder sig av familjecentralen för att få råd, utbyte av erfarenheter, barnens skull och att umgås med andra. I synnerhet för invandrare har familjecentralen stor betydelse för att komma in i det svenska samhället.

Keywords
folkhälsoarbete, föräldrastöd, barns hälsa, invandrare, hälsoojämlikhet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11056 (URN)
Available from: 2013-09-12 Created: 2013-09-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Abrahamsson, A. & Bing, V. (2011). Föräldraskapande och professionell följsamhet på familjecentralers öppna förskolor: en programteori. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 88(2), 122-132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Föräldraskapande och professionell följsamhet på familjecentralers öppna förskolor: en programteori
2011 (English)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, no 2, p. 122-132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Familjecentralens verksamhetsidé för öppna förskolan på familjecentraler – formulerat som en hypotes - har utvärderats steg för steg genom samla in data på sammanlagd sex familjecentraler för att pröva hållbarheten i hypotesen. Utvärderingen visar på ett föräldraskapande bland småbarnsföräldrar genom att de lär sig om barn och föräldraskap, får möjlighet att utöka sitt sociala kontaktnät och att bara vara i en trygg omgivning där socialt stöd finns till hands. De får tillsammans med andra känna sig ’good enough’ som en vanlig förälder med ett normalt barn. Professionell följsamhet utmärker personalens arbetssätt. De bedömer den ”mognadsgrad” som föräldern befinner sig i för att söka stöd och anpassar sitt förhållningssätt till föräldern genom fysiskt avstånd och djup i samtalet. På så vis kan pedagogiska, sociala och psykologiska mekanismer triggas igång och förklara de resultat som föräldrar upplever för dem själva och deras barn. Artikeln avslutas med en omformulerad hypotes om öppna förskolors verksamhet på familjecentraler.

Keywords
programteori, teoribaserad utvärdering, föräldrastöd, socialt nätverk, stödjande miljö för hälsa
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11057 (URN)
Available from: 2013-09-12 Created: 2013-09-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06
Abrahamsson, A. & Bing, V. (2011). Tema: Familjecentraler: vad är en familjecentral?. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 88(2), 98-99
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tema: Familjecentraler: vad är en familjecentral?
2011 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, no 2, p. 98-99Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11171 (URN)
Available from: 2013-10-17 Created: 2013-10-17 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Bing, V. & Abrahamsson, A. (2011). Vem annars ska göra det vi gör - om socialt arbete på familjecentral. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 88(2), 144-154
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vem annars ska göra det vi gör - om socialt arbete på familjecentral
2011 (English)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, no 2, p. 144-154Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Med familjecentralen stärks socialtjänstens ställning som förebyggande aktör. I syfte att förstå hur arbetet fungerar och om man kan hävda att de gör tidiga insatser deltog socionomer från tio familjecentraler i en form av forskningscirkel, som används för att utveckla verksamheter. Lärandet ägde rum med hjälp av samtal, reflektion och frågeställningar utifrån egna erfarenheter. Andras förväntningar hade väckt den övergripande och kritiska frågan om ett arbete som vänder sig till alla kan gagna föräldrar och barn med större behov?

Svaret är att familjecentralens helhet och generella nivå i själva verket är en förutsättning för att tidigt upptäcka familjers behov av stöd. Socionomerna blir lätta att nå, kommer in tidigt, avvärjer destruktiva processer och är tillgängliga över tid. Genom att föräldrar utifrån sin livsvärld använder sig av familjecentralen omväxlande för lek, lärande, umgänge och stöd utvecklas en ny professionalitet där socialtjänsten kommer in på rätt plats, vid rätt tid med service och insatser, som motsvarar behoven hos målgruppen.

Abstract [en]

Family centres strengthen the preventive mechanisms of the social services. In order to ascertain if the work involved at the family centres gives an early preventive capability, a group of social workers from ten family centres did research on the assumption that the general measures taken for the benefit of all families even helped families with young children having special needs. Dialogue, reflection and questioning were the main methods used in the research circles. The research showed that the above assumption was substantiated. It showed that the family centres’ work in reaching all families, even helped in the identification and the early detection of families needing extra social support. Since the social workers were easily accessible, they could identify the families with special needs at an early stage, thereby preventing later complications with resultant destructive processes.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11058 (URN)
Available from: 2013-09-12 Created: 2013-09-03 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
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