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Berggren, Vanja
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Khalaf, A., Westergren, A., Berggren, V. & Hazzaa, A.-H. (2014). Association of weight status and dietary habits with socio-demographic factors among university female students in Saudi Arabia. In: : . Paper presented at 4th International Public Health Conference & 21st National Public Health Colloquium, 26-28 August 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Association of weight status and dietary habits with socio-demographic factors among university female students in Saudi Arabia
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17388 (URN)
Conference
4th International Public Health Conference & 21st National Public Health Colloquium, 26-28 August 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Available from: 2017-10-09 Created: 2017-10-09 Last updated: 2017-10-24Bibliographically approved
Khalaf, A., Westergren, A., Berggren, V. & Hazzaa, A.-H. (2014). Discrepancies between actual, perceived and ideal body image among young female university students in southwestern Saudi Arabia. In: : . Paper presented at Appearance Matters 6th conference, 1-2 July 2014, Bristol, UK.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Discrepancies between actual, perceived and ideal body image among young female university students in southwestern Saudi Arabia
2014 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Rationale: Body-shape preference is an important determinant of obesity and underweight, but studies on body image among females in the Arab region are, at most, scanty. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of underweight and overweight/obesity among Saudi Arabian female university students, and to investigate discrepancies between their actual, perceived and ideal body shape.

Methods: This cross sectional study included 663  female students in a university centre in Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric measurements including weight, height, BMI and body image scale (9-figures silhouette) were used. A cross-tabulation was made between “warped self-image” against “subjective goal image”. Regression analysis was used to predict variables related to body image perception.

Results: The participants had a mean age of 20.4 years (SD 1.5), 16% were underweight and 25% were over- weight/obese.Discrepancy in subjective goal image: 44% wished they were slimmer and 20% that they were heavier than what they perceived themselves. Thus, 36% were happy with their current body shape.Warped self-image: It was 16% that thought they were slimmer and 18% that they were heavier than what they actually were. Thus, in 61% of cases the perceived body image was in agreement with their actual body shape. Cross-tabulation showed that only 23% had an agreemen tbetween their actual, perceived and ideal body shape. Of all variables entered into the regression analysis, only BMI was able to predict how the subject perceives herself in the body image scale (R square = 0.676; p < 0.000). None of the variables entered was significant enough to predict how the subject wishes to look like.

Conclusion: Discrepancies between actual, perceived and ideal body image is common among the Saudi Arabian female students and can possibly lead to eating disorders and increased  prevalence of underweight oroverweight/obesity.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17387 (URN)
Conference
Appearance Matters 6th conference, 1-2 July 2014, Bristol, UK
Available from: 2017-10-09 Created: 2017-10-09 Last updated: 2017-10-31Bibliographically approved
Berggren, V., Gottvall, K., Isman, E., Bergström, S. & Ekéus, C. (2013). Infibulated women have an increased risk of anal sphincter tears at delivery: a population-based Swedish register study of 250 000 births. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 92(1), 101-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Infibulated women have an increased risk of anal sphincter tears at delivery: a population-based Swedish register study of 250 000 births
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2013 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 92, no 1, p. 101-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. To investigate the risk for anal sphincter tears (AST) in infibulated women. Design. Population-based cohort study. Setting. Nationwide study in Sweden. Population. The study population included 250 491 primiparous women with a vaginal singleton birth at 37–41 completed gestational weeks during 1999–2008. We only included women born in Sweden and in Africa. The African women were categorized into three groups; a Somalian-group, n = 929, where over 95% are infibulated; the Eritrea-Ethiopia-Sudan-group, n = 955, where the majority is infibulated, compared to other African countries, n = 1035, where few individuals are infibulated, but had otherwise similar anthropometric characteristics. These women were compared to 247 572 Swedish-born women. Methods. Register study with data from the National Medical Birth Registry. Main outcome measures. AST in non-instrumental and instrumental vaginal delivery. Results. Compared to Swedish-born women, women from Somalia had the highest odds ratio for AST in all vaginal deliveries: 2.72 (95% CI 2.08–3.54), followed by women from Eritrea-Ethiophia-Sudan 1.80 (1.41–2.32) and other African countries 1.23 (0.89–1.53) after adjustment for major risk factors. Mediolateral episiotomy was associated with a reduced risk of AST in instrumental deliveries. Conclusion. Delivering African women from countries where infibulation is common have an increased risk of AST compared with Swedish-born women, despite delivering in a highly technical quality healthcare setting. AST can cause anal incontinence and it is important to investigate risk factors for this and try to improve clinical routines during delivery to reduce the incidence of this complication.

Keywords
Female genital mutilation, anal sphincter tears, instrumental delivery, episiotomy, register, perineum
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9768 (URN)10.1111/aogs.12010 (DOI)000313714500014 ()22994630 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2012-10-03 Created: 2012-10-03 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Aronsen Torp, J., Berggren, V. & Erlandsson, L.-K. (2013). Somali women's experiences of cooking and meals after immigration to Sweden. Journal of Occupational Science, 20(2), 146-159
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Somali women's experiences of cooking and meals after immigration to Sweden
2013 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 146-159Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article elucidates Somali women's experiences of cooking and meals after immigration to Sweden. Six Somali women participated in repeated focus group interviews. Content analysis of the interviews resulted in four themes: change in routines and content of the daily meals, changed experiences related to cooking and shopping for groceries, the social dimensions in food-related occupations, and change of identity and roles. According to the women, variety of factors related to their life in Sweden had led to changes in their food occupations and meals: environmental changes, societal factors and the fact that the women secured employment. Although their new focus on employment led to altered responsibility and time for the cooking, food-related occupations remained important for the creation of identity and the maintenance of the family. This study may inform the development of strategies to restrict the negative impacts of immigration on Somali women's health. Future research will increase understandings of the relationships between food-related occupations and women's roles, identity and health.

National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11738 (URN)10.1080/14427591.2012.734426 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-02-09 Created: 2014-02-09 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Pajalic, Z. & Berggren, V. (2012). Keys for change: stakeholders' perceptions and experiences of promotion of breastfeeding: a joint project between Sweden and Norway. In: : . Paper presented at Maternal and Child Health, the congress in Thailand.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Keys for change: stakeholders' perceptions and experiences of promotion of breastfeeding: a joint project between Sweden and Norway
2012 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Findings from international research as well as fromSwedenshow that breastfeeding is important for infant health. Further there are still needs to continuously invest on the society level to promote the breastfeeding. Working together in international research collaborations can empower all partners involved.

 

The project have  two aims: both to describe the successful factors of  Swedish and Norwegian breastfeeding interventions programs on national level, and to elucidate the present situation and background of the present low rates of  breastfeeding.

 

Data will be collected by individual interviews with obstetricians, midwifes, district nurses, paediatricians and voluntary breastfeeding advisers in both countries.

 

The findings will be used to promote breastfeeding and inspire other countries spatially high-income countries to focus on the benefits and importance of the breastfeeding to infant’s health.

Keywords
breastfeeding, promotion, successful factors
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9166 (URN)
Conference
Maternal and Child Health, the congress in Thailand
Projects
Utvecklande och implementering av nordisk modell- ett verktyg att främja amning
Available from: 2012-03-22 Created: 2012-03-22 Last updated: 2014-10-14Bibliographically approved
Klingberg-Allvin, M., Berggren, V., Binh, N. T., Bijay, B. & Johansson, A. (2012). Married men's first time experiences of early childbearing and their role in sexual and reproductive decision making: a qualitative study from rural Vietnam. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 14(4), 449-461
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Married men's first time experiences of early childbearing and their role in sexual and reproductive decision making: a qualitative study from rural Vietnam
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2012 (English)In: Culture, Health and Sexuality, ISSN 1369-1058, E-ISSN 1464-5351, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 449-461Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Male partners' involvement in women's sexual and reproductive health has been increasingly emphasised in international health. A qualitative approach with open-ended qualitative interviews was used to explore young, married men's first time experiences of early childbearing, their sexual and reproductive decision making and the meanings they make of their role as husbands and fathers. The results offer a nuanced picture of the men's vulnerability in becoming young fathers and having to assume their role as family decision-makers, while still being inexperienced in matters related to the health of their wives and newborn child. Constraints to gender equality and traditional norms and values continue to pose barriers to both young men and women making independent decisions in relation to marriage and childbearing. Men's involvement is necessary in healthcare programmes designed to improve women's sexual and reproductive health and the health of the newborn. Young, first-time fathers, in particular, need support and empowerment.

National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-9168 (URN)10.1080/13691058.2012.667574 (DOI)000303210900007 ()22413843 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2012-03-23 Created: 2012-03-23 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Khalaf, A., Westergren, A. & Berggren, V. (2012). Nurses’ views and experiences of caring for malnourished patients in surgical settings in South Western Saudi Arabia (KSA). Paper presented at The 34th ESPEN Congress. Clinical Nutrition, 7(Suppl. 1), 264-265
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nurses’ views and experiences of caring for malnourished patients in surgical settings in South Western Saudi Arabia (KSA)
2012 (English)In: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983, Vol. 7, no Suppl. 1, p. 264-265Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10163 (URN)10.1016/S1744-1161(12)70657-9 (DOI)
Conference
The 34th ESPEN Congress
Available from: 2013-02-07 Created: 2013-02-07 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Pajalic, Z., Persson, L., Westergren, A., Berggren, V. & Skovdahl, K. (2012). The experiences of elderly people living at home related to their receiving meals distributed by a municipality in Sweden. Journal of Food Research, 1(1), 68-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The experiences of elderly people living at home related to their receiving meals distributed by a municipality in Sweden
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Food Research, ISSN 1927-0887, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 68-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to describe the experiences of elderly people, living at home who receive hot meals that are distributed by their municipality. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the (n=13) interviews. The results showed that feelings of dependency, loneliness and gratitude were expressed by the participants in the study related to their meals being delivered home. Dependency was expressed as not having influence over the food products the meals were made from. Loneliness was expressed as being isolated and being confined at home alone due to difficulties getting out of the house, which was associated with the costs of taxis transportation. Gratitude was expressed by the sincere thanks for the possibility of receiving traditional meals delivered daily.

The major conclusion of the study was the indication that greater attention should be paid to meet both the practical and psychological needs of elderly people.

Keywords
Action research, Elderly people, Distribution of meals, Home-living
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8956 (URN)10.5539/jfr.v1n1p68 (DOI)
Available from: 2012-02-01 Created: 2012-02-01 Last updated: 2014-10-14Bibliographically approved
Pajalic, Z. & Berggren, V. (2012). The successful factors of Swedish and Norwegian breastfeeding interventions programs as inspiration to promote breastfeeding internationally - presentation of the future joint project between Sweden and Norway. In: : . Paper presented at International Conference Interprofessional Partnership: Improvement for Global Health Outcomes Thailand.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The successful factors of Swedish and Norwegian breastfeeding interventions programs as inspiration to promote breastfeeding internationally - presentation of the future joint project between Sweden and Norway
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Findings from international research as well as from Sweden show that breastfeeding is important for infant health. Further there are still needs to continuously invest on the society level to promote the breastfeeding. Working together in international research collaborations can empower all partners involved.

 

The projects’ aims are to describe the successful factors of Swedish and Norwegian breastfeeding interventions programs on national level, and to elucidate the present situation and background of the present low rates of breastfeeding. Further the aim is to develop the Nordic breastfeeding model.  

 

Data will be collected between September and December 2013 by individual and focus group interviews with obstetricians, midwifes, district nurses, paediatricians and voluntary breastfeeding advisers in both countries. Further the outcomes from the interviews will be used to creation of the questionnaire that will be tested and power analysis performed during the spring at 2014.

 

The findings will be used to promote breastfeeding and inspire other countries spatially high-income countries to focus on the benefits and importance of the breastfeeding to infant’s health.

National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10051 (URN)
Conference
International Conference Interprofessional Partnership: Improvement for Global Health Outcomes Thailand
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2014-10-14Bibliographically approved
Westergren, A., Khalaf, A., Al-Hazzaa, H. & Berggren, V. (2011). Discrepancies between the actual, perceived and ideal body image among female university students in South Western Saudi Arabia.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Discrepancies between the actual, perceived and ideal body image among female university students in South Western Saudi Arabia
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8478 (URN)
Available from: 2011-09-05 Created: 2011-09-05 Last updated: 2014-06-10Bibliographically approved
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