hkr.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Faraon, Montathar
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Faraon, M. (2018). Co-creating democracy: conceptualizing co-creative media to facilitate democratic engagement in society. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: Stockholm University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Co-creating democracy: conceptualizing co-creative media to facilitate democratic engagement in society
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Internet-based information and communication technology (ICT) have increasingly been used to facilitate and support democratic engagement in society. A growing body of research has demonstrated that the Internet and, in particular, social media have given citizens the opportunity to participate, interact, network, collaborate, and mobilize themselves within communities. While these media have broadened the means of exercising citizenship in many forms of participatory democracy, the technological prerequisites exist to go beyond the standard uses of social media (e.g., social networking, entertainment) and towards proactive and co-creative democratic engagement. Such engagement includes, but is not limited to, participatory activities for democratic purposes. Further, some researchers have argued that representative democracy is in decline and has several limitations related to citizens’ trust in politicians and engagement with representative institutions. There is a recognition among scholars to infuse representative democracy with participatory bottom-up processes by employing ICT in an attempt to bridge these limitations. In order to further facilitate and support participatory as well as co-creative processes, this thesis elaborates a concept of co-creative media. The process of this work was guided by the following question: How can co-creative media be theoretically anchored and conceptualized in order to facilitate and support citizen engagement within democratic processes? A concept-driven design research approach was adopted to address this research question, and this resulted in five interconnected articles. Firstly, based on the results from each article, four design guidelines were formulated to further guide the design of co-creative media for democratic engagement. These design guidelines may support future participatory design processes in which stakeholders collectively contribute to the development and evaluation of co-creative media. The guidelines constitute a resource that stakeholders may use to develop adaptations of co-creative media for the purposes of facilitating democratic engagement. Secondly, the results from each article were fed forward into the concept-driven research process as theoretical and empirical insights, which were used to inform and elaborate the main contribution of this thesis, namely the concept of co-creative media. The concept of co-creative media in its form outlined by this thesis seeks to broaden citizens’ democratic engagement by means of creating virtual spaces in which new ideas, initiatives, knowledge, solutions, and digital tools could emerge. The implications of co-creative media could be to create, develop, and strengthen partnerships between communities and local services, extend digital skills in society through community-engaged practitioners, and propagate as well as coordinate large-scale co-creative practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2018
Keywords
co-creative media, democracy, concept-driven design research, socio-technical systems, consensus-seeking, internet voting, mobilization, open so
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18397 (URN)oai:DiVA.org:su-153968 (DOI)978-91-7649-113-3 (ISBN)978-91-7797-215-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-29 Created: 2018-07-12 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved
Faraon, M. (2018). Concept-driven design for democracy: advancing co-creative media to support citizen participation and democratic engagement. eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, 10(1), 23-49
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Concept-driven design for democracy: advancing co-creative media to support citizen participation and democratic engagement
2018 (English)In: eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, ISSN 2075-9517, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 23-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article elaborates a concept of co-creative media that aims to support citizens’ democratic engagement by facilitating participatory and co-creative processes. The research adopts a concept-driven design approach to theoretically underpin and empirically inform the concept. This was accomplished by adopting theoretical resources from the framework of actor-network theory (ANT), identifying criteria in an analysis of existing socio-technical systems for democratic engagement, and building on the results from four research studies. The main contribution of the article, namely the concept of co-creative media, could serve as a basis for further theoretical reflections and a point of departure to support future participatory design processes where relevant stakeholders collectively contribute to the implementation and evaluation of co-creative media. Co-creative media have the potentials to provide citizens with a new approach to democracy and could broaden citizens’ democratic engagement by means of creating virtual spaces in which new ideas, initiatives, knowledge, and solutions could emerge.

Keywords
co-creative media, democracy, actor-network theory, concept-driven design, socio-technical systems
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18178 (URN)10.29379/jedem.v10i1.490 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-05-31 Created: 2018-05-31 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved
Faraon, M. (2016). Webbutveckling med PHP och MySQL (2ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Webbutveckling med PHP och MySQL
2016 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

PHP är ett av de ledande programmeringsspråken för webbutveckling. Det är ett flexibelt och enkelt språk som används för att skapa dynamiska webbplatser. Denna bok ger en tillgänglig introduktion till PHP och databashantering. Läsaren får den kunskap som krävs för att snabbt utveckla egna webbapplikationer.

Boken förutsätter inga tidigare erfarenheter av webbprogrammering. Läsaren leds framåt genom ett rikt utbud av övningar som ger möjlighet att tillämpa innehållet.

Denna andra utgåva av boken har reviderats och uppdaterats grundligt. Bland nyheterna finns PHP 7, databashantering med PHP Data Objects (PDO), fler helhetsexempel samt kodexempel i färg.

Webbutveckling med PHP och MySQL är avsedd för universitets- och gymnasiestudier i webbprogrammering, men är även en handbok för yrkesverksamma webbutvecklare och programmerare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016. p. 240 Edition: 2
Keywords
php, mysql, webbutveckling, webbdesign, programmering, webbprogrammering, kodning, sql
National Category
Computer Sciences Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-16288 (URN)9789144105567 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-02 Created: 2016-12-02 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved
Faraon, M. & Kaipainen, M. (2014). Much more to it: the relation between Facebook usage and self-esteem. In: Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE 15th International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration: . Paper presented at 15th International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration, San Francisco, August 13-15, 2014 (pp. 87-92). IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society (SMC)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Much more to it: the relation between Facebook usage and self-esteem
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE 15th International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration, IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society (SMC) , 2014, p. 87-92Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine closer the conflicting results from previous studies concerning the relation- ship between Facebook use and self-esteem using the Facebook Intensity Scale and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (N = 107). In line with some previous studies, our data confirmed that there is a relationship between Facebook usage and self-esteem, but the applied scales allowed a more refined assessment of it. The results showed, after controlling for demographic variables, that participants with low Facebook intensity reported on average higher self-esteem than those who did not use Facebook or those with high Facebook intensity, while those with medium Facebook intensity had significantly higher self-esteem compared to the participants with high Facebook intensity. Future studies should address the underlying causal relations using a time-bound observation method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society (SMC), 2014
Keywords
Facebook, self-esteem, social networking, Facebook Intensity Scale, psychological well-being
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18396 (URN)
Conference
15th International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration, San Francisco, August 13-15, 2014
Available from: 2018-07-12 Created: 2018-07-12 Last updated: 2018-10-30Bibliographically approved
Faraon, M., Stenberg, G. & Kaipainen, M. (2014). Political campaigning 2.0: the influence of online news and social networking sites on attitudes and behavior. eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, 6(3), 231-247
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political campaigning 2.0: the influence of online news and social networking sites on attitudes and behavior
2014 (English)In: eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, ISSN 2075-9517, E-ISSN 2075-9517, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 231-247Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to examine differences in influence between online news (e.g., New York Times) and social networking sites (e.g., Facebook and Twitter) on attitudes in political campaigns. In a web-based experiment, campaign, polls and election between two fictitious candidates were simulated. Participants’ explicit and implicit attitudes as well as voting behavior were assessed using self-report items and the Implicit Association Test (IAT). The results reveal that information emanating from online news had a significant influence on explicit and implicit attitudes while that of social networking sites did not. Overall, negative items had a stronger impact than positive ones, more so in online news compared to social networking sites. Negative information from either type of media was more likely to change participants’ explicit attitudes in a negative direction and as a consequence also change their vote. Practical implications of the findings and limitations of the study are discussed.

Keywords
online news, social networking sites, attitudes, political campaign, Implicit Association Test, Facebook, Twitter
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13347 (URN)
Available from: 2014-12-27 Created: 2014-12-27 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved
Faraon, M., Villavicencio, V., Ramberg, R. & Kaipainen, M. (2013). From mobilization to consensus: innovating cross-media services to organize crowds into collaborative communities. In: CeDEM13: Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government. Paper presented at Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government (pp. 13-227). Edition Donau-Universität Krems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From mobilization to consensus: innovating cross-media services to organize crowds into collaborative communities
2013 (English)In: CeDEM13: Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government, Edition Donau-Universität Krems , 2013, p. 13-227Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the current paper is to contribute to the field of e-participation by presenting a design concept for mediating technology that incorporates current information technology such as social and collaborative media designed for the purposes of civic engagement in society. Such technology could empower people to mobilize and engage themselves in proactive consensus-seeking and co-creation. Social media are broadly adopted in the reactive mobilization of citizen-initiated participatory activity in society such as protests like the London riots and the Occupy movements. In our view, there is a demand to organize mobilized crowds to collaborate in a consensus-seeking manner. For instance, there does not yet exist online applications that specifically serve the purposes of massive simultaneous co-editing of documents by citizens seeking consensus in societal issues. However, as we argue, there is no reason for such not to be integrated from existing technological components that are commonly accessible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edition Donau-Universität Krems, 2013
Keywords
bottom-up democracy, e-participation, grassroots, social media, consensus-seeking, digital engagement, micro-democracies
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18177 (URN)
Conference
Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government
Available from: 2018-05-31 Created: 2018-05-31 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved
Faraon, M. (2012). Webbutveckling med PHP och MySQL. Lund: Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Webbutveckling med PHP och MySQL
2012 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

PHP är ett av de ledande programmeringsspråken för webbutveckling. Det är ett flexibelt och enkelt språk som används för att skapa dynamiska webbplatser. Denna bok ger en lättillgänglig och komplett introduktion till PHP. Läsaren får den kunskap som behövs för att snabbt komma igång och skapa egna webbapplikationer.

Boken erbjuder stöd i det egna arbetet, möjligheter till fördjupning och ger en beskrivning av allt från installation av PHP till felsökning av programmeringskod. Bokens pedagogiska framställning kräver ingen teknisk kunskap, läsaren leds framåt genom ett rikt utbud av övningar som ger möjlighet att tillämpa innehållet.

Webbutveckling med PHP och MySQL är i första hand en lärobok för universitetsstudier i webbprogrammering men även en handbok för webbdesigners och programmerare i näringslivet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012. p. 195
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-8907 (URN)978-91-44-07239-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-01-17 Created: 2012-01-17 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved
Faraon, M., Cronquist, B. & Kaipainen, M. (2011). Social media affordances in net-based higher education. In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on International Higher Education (IHE 2011): . Paper presented at IADIS International Conference on International Higher Education (IHE 2011) (pp. 11-37).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social media affordances in net-based higher education
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on International Higher Education (IHE 2011), 2011, p. 11-37Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the attitudes, conceptions and use of social media in net-based higher education. By using statistical and content analysis of data generated by two surveys directed to students (n = 109) and teachers (n = 77) involved in net-based higher education, we explore how social media influence the design of learning context in net-based higher education courses. By applying the affordance theory, we describe actual as well as preferred use of social media from an educational, social, and technical perspectives. The results showed that the potential use of social media have not yet been fully found in the context of net-based higher education. However, the perceived benefit of using social media differs in relation to educational topics. The potential use of social media in net-based higher education courses is discussed.

Keywords
Social media, affordance, net-based, higher education, students, teachers
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18395 (URN)
Conference
IADIS International Conference on International Higher Education (IHE 2011)
Available from: 2018-07-12 Created: 2018-07-12 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications