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Sapir, Yair
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Sapir, Y. & Nyström, G. (2018). Ymsę um övdalskų: en introduktion till det älvdalska språket och dess struktur (1ed.). Älvdalen: Ulum Dalska
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ymsę um övdalskų: en introduktion till det älvdalska språket och dess struktur
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Boken förser läsaren med en bakgrund om älvdalskan, dess status och sociolingivstiska förhållanden. Vidare introducerar den älvdalskans fonetik, fonologi, ortografi och böjningslära och sätter älvdalskan i ett större nordiskt sammanhang. Slutligen tar den upp diverse ämnen inom älvdalskan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Älvdalen: Ulum Dalska, 2018. p. 65 Edition: 1
Keywords
Elfdalian, älvdalska, älvdalsmål
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18756 (URN)978-91-984940-0-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved
Sapir, Y. (2017). The revitalization of Elfdalian. In: Nicholas Ostler, Vera Ferreira and Chris Moseley (Ed.), Proceedings of the 21st FEL Conference: Communities in Control:Learning tools and strategies for multilingualendangered language communities. Paper presented at FEL XXI 19 – 21 October 2017, Portugal (pp. 50-57).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The revitalization of Elfdalian
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 21st FEL Conference: Communities in Control:Learning tools and strategies for multilingualendangered language communities / [ed] Nicholas Ostler, Vera Ferreira and Chris Moseley, 2017, p. 50-57Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article depicts the process of language revitalization of the endangered Elfdalian language spoken in Sweden. Having witnessed a language decline, Ulum Dalska was founded in 1984 with the ambition to revitalize Elfdalian. In 2004, these efforts were boosted due to the joining of the academia and the Municipality of Älvdalen to the revitalization process. Still not recognized as an official language in Sweden, in 2016, Elfdalian acquired an ISO language code and was introduced into the school system. Elfdalian was further empowered by publications in and about the language, as well as a standard orthography, and can thus be seen as both an abstand and an ausbau language. Whether these factors will be sufficient to reverse the language shift and to grant Elfdalian.

National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-18182 (URN)
Conference
FEL XXI 19 – 21 October 2017, Portugal
Available from: 2018-05-31 Created: 2018-05-31 Last updated: 2018-05-31Bibliographically approved
Sapir, Y. & Nyström, G. (2015). Introduktion till älvdalska (2ed.). Kristianstad
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduktion till älvdalska
2015 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Sommaren 2005 hölls första akademiska kursen i älvdalska någonsin. Kursen hölls i Älvdalen i Uppsala universitets regi. Det föreliggande kompendiet författades våren 2005 av Gunnar Nyström och Yair Sapir i brist på lämpliga läromedel på en akademisk nivå. Verket användes även i vuxenkursen i älvdalska i Älvdalen sommaren 2006. Till kompendiet spelades även in en audio-CD där Gunnar Nyström läste upp större delen av kompendiets texter. Med anledning av Trið råðstemną um övdalskų (Tredje konferensen om älvdalska), som hålls vid Köpenhamn universitet 2015, och ett ständigt ökande intresse för älvdalskan, bestämde sig författarna för att digitalisera kompendiet och audiofilerna och göra dessa tillgängliga för allmänheten. Förutom dialoger, prosatexter, gloslistor, grammatikkommentarer och övningar innehåller kompendiet även en introduktion till den älvdalska standardortografin, som togs fram 2005 av Råðdjärum, älvdalska språkrådet. Grammatikbilagan har inte digitaliserats. Istället hänvisar författarna till Bengt Åkerbergs Älvdalsk grammatik (2012). Om man vill orientera sig kring lexikala frågor rekommenderas Lars Steenslands Material till älvdalsk ordbok (2010).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kristianstad: , 2015. p. 80 Edition: 2
Keywords
Älvdalska, språk, ordlista, grammatik, Ulum Dalska
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13841 (URN)
Available from: 2015-04-24 Created: 2015-04-24 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Sapir, Y. & Zuckermann, G. (2008). Icelandic: Phonosemantic matching. In: Judith Rosenhouse, Rotem Kowner (Ed.), Globally speaking: motives for adopting English vocabulary in other languages (pp. 19-43). Cleveland: Multilingual Matters
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Icelandic: Phonosemantic matching
2008 (English)In: Globally speaking: motives for adopting English vocabulary in other languages / [ed] Judith Rosenhouse, Rotem Kowner, Cleveland: Multilingual Matters , 2008, p. 19-43Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cleveland: Multilingual Matters, 2008
Series
Multilingual matters ; 140
Keywords
phonosemantics, Icelandic, typology, word-formation
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13317 (URN)1847690513 (ISBN)
Note

Icelandic is one of the most puristically oriented among living languages.This chapter analyses an important but hitherto neglected method ofIcelandic word-formation. It introduces the term ‘phono-semanticmatching’ (henceforth PSM) to describe the technique whereby aforeignism is reproduced in the target language, using preexistent nativeelements that are similar to the foreignism both in meaning and in sound.

PSM occurs in two key language groups: (1) puristically orientedlanguages, in which language-planners attempt to hinder undesirableforeignisms from entering the lexis or to get rid of existing foreignisms, e.g.Finnish, Icelandic, Israeli Hebrew (‘Israeli’) and Revolutionized Turkish;and (2) languages using ‘phono-logographic’ script e.g. Chinese andJapanese (to the extent that Kanji are used). Such multisourcedneologization is an ideal means of lexical enrichment because it concealsforeign influence from the native speakers, ensuring lexicographicacceptability of the coinage, recycles obsolete autochthonous roots andwords (a delight for purists) and aids initial learning among contemporarylearners and speakers.

Linguists have not systematically studied such camouflaged hybridity. Traditional classifications of borrowing ignore it altogether, and categorizeborrowing into either substitution or importation (of the foreign element). However, as the present chapter demonstrates, PSM is a distinctphenomenon, which operates through simultaneous substitution andimportation. Its recognition carries important implications not only forlexicology and comparative historical linguistics, but also forsociolinguistics and cultural studies.

The present chapter focuses on the following Icelandic PSMs: beygla, bifra – bifrari, brokkál, dapurdapurleiki - depurð, eyðni, fjárfesta - fjárfesting, heila, guðspjall, ímynd, júgurð, korréttur, Létt og laggott, musl, pallborðpallborðsumræður, páfagaukur, ratsjá, setur, staða, staðallstaðla -stöðlun, togatogari, tækni, uppi and veira.

Available from: 2014-12-20 Created: 2014-12-20 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Sapir, Y. (2007). Bedrohtes sprachen in Europa: Älvdalisch. GBS-Bulletin - Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für bedrohte Sprachen (13), 15-21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bedrohtes sprachen in Europa: Älvdalisch
2007 (German)In: GBS-Bulletin - Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für bedrohte Sprachen, no 13, p. 15-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
Älvdalisch, bedrohte Sprachen, Älvdalen
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13318 (URN)
Available from: 2014-12-20 Created: 2014-12-20 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
Sapir, Y. (2006). Elfdalian, the vernacular of Övdaln. In: : . Paper presented at Fuost konferensn um övdalskų.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elfdalian, the vernacular of Övdaln
2006 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Keywords
Elfdalian, Nordic
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13314 (URN)
Conference
Fuost konferensn um övdalskų
Available from: 2014-12-18 Created: 2014-12-18 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Sapir, Y. (2003). Linguistic purism in the shade of satellites: the cases of post-standardisation Finnish, Hebrew and Icelandic. In: Kristján Árnason (Ed.), Útnorður: West Nordic standardisation and variation : papers from a symposium in Stockholm October 7th 2001. Paper presented at Symposium in Stockholm October 7th 2001. Reykjavík: Icelandic University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linguistic purism in the shade of satellites: the cases of post-standardisation Finnish, Hebrew and Icelandic
2003 (English)In: Útnorður: West Nordic standardisation and variation : papers from a symposium in Stockholm October 7th 2001 / [ed] Kristján Árnason, Reykjavík: Icelandic University Press , 2003Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Reykjavík: Icelandic University Press, 2003
Keywords
purism, linguistic purism, Finnish, Hebrew, Icelandic
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13319 (URN)9979-54-546-1 (ISBN)
Conference
Symposium in Stockholm October 7th 2001
Available from: 2014-12-20 Created: 2014-12-20 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Sapir, Y. (2001). Språkpurism − berikande eller begränsande?: Förhållandena i finska, hebreiska och isländska. In: Anju Saxena (Ed.), Språkets gränser och gränslöshet: då tankar, tal och traditioner möts : humanistdagarna vid Uppsala universitet. Paper presented at Språkets gränser och gränslöshet. Då tankar, tal och traditioner möts. Humanistdagarna vid Uppsala universitet 2001 (pp. 127-136). Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Språkpurism − berikande eller begränsande?: Förhållandena i finska, hebreiska och isländska
2001 (Swedish)In: Språkets gränser och gränslöshet: då tankar, tal och traditioner möts : humanistdagarna vid Uppsala universitet / [ed] Anju Saxena, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2001, , p. 10p. 127-136Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2001. p. 10
Keywords
purism, linguistic purism, Finnish, Hebrew, Icelandic, purism, språkpurism, finska, hebreiska, isländska
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-13320 (URN)91-631-1752-5 (ISBN)
Conference
Språkets gränser och gränslöshet. Då tankar, tal och traditioner möts. Humanistdagarna vid Uppsala universitet 2001
Available from: 2014-12-20 Created: 2014-12-20 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
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