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Halling, Arne
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Korostenski, J., Persson, C., Höglund, H.-O. & Halling, A. (2015). Environmental management system at higher education accentuates education for sustainable development. In: : . Paper presented at 8th World Environmental Education Congress – WEEC 2015 Gothenburg, Sweden, 29th of June - 2nd of July 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental management system at higher education accentuates education for sustainable development
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Under Swedish law, the universities are required to implement environmental management systems (EMS) in their operations. The introductory EMS review emphasizes education for sustainable development (ESD) as the most significant environmental aspect. Contemporary education spends time on training in sustainability with established knowledge, hazards, risks and approaches for improvement of known issues through 'declarative knowledge', which is always a step behind developments, because it works with historical facts.

Objectives:Consequently, a target has been set of equipping students with the knowledge, values, attitudes and competences that will help them deal with problems that arise in society in the future through the introduction of ESD into all of the university’s programs. The aspect of how we can assess whether graduate students possess these skills remains to be resolved before the annual EMS audit.

Methods:The available methods for evaluation are surveys addressed to students, alumni and teachers in a prolonged time study. ESD extends and adapts contemporary 'declarative knowledge' to a teachers' toolkit of 'functioning knowledge' as an intrinsic part regardless of the field or the teaching topic.

Results:We will develop ESD in the form of tools which can be easily recognized at higher education. The challenge is to broaden students' knowledge and comprehension of a core academic discipline to a level that has not been considered or introduced into education at our university or used in practice.

Conclusion:Toolkits which can conveniently be used in ESD are discussed in the conclusions of this paper. The result in annual surveys reports the level of continuous improvement concerning EMS objectives and for teachers it confirms the achievement in planned progression and development of ESD in courses.

Keyword
Education for sustainable development, environmental management system, monitoring, attitudes, strategies
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-14886 (URN)
Conference
8th World Environmental Education Congress – WEEC 2015 Gothenburg, Sweden, 29th of June - 2nd of July 2015
Available from: 2015-09-30 Created: 2015-09-30 Last updated: 2018-04-23Bibliographically approved
Persson, C., Korostenski, J. & Halling, A. (2015). Högskoleutbildning i hållbar utveckling - en kartläggning vid Högskolan Kristianstad.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Högskoleutbildning i hållbar utveckling - en kartläggning vid Högskolan Kristianstad
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17409 (URN)
Projects
Hållbar utveckling i högre utbildning, Rådet för samverkan Högskolan Kristianstad
Available from: 2017-10-10 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Lundström, J. O., Schäfer, M. L., Hesson, J. C., Blomgren, E., Lindström, A., Wahlqvist, P., . . . Persson Vinnersten, T. Z. (2013). The geographic distribution of mosquito species in Sweden. Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association, 31, 21-35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The geographic distribution of mosquito species in Sweden
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2013 (English)In: Journal of the European Mosquito Control Association, ISSN 1460-6127, Vol. 31, p. 21-35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Surveillance of the actual distribution of mosquito species in Northern Europe is fundamental for evaluating risk for emerging pathogens, and for research on potential vectors. The Swedish mosquito fauna composition and geographic distribution, originally described by Professor Christine Dahl in the 1970´s, included 43 species. We have compiled the information published from 1978 to 2012, and our own surveillance data from 2001 to 2013, and compared this with the species list and geographic distribution provided in “Taxonomy and geographic distribution of Swedish Culicidae” by Dahl (1977). New species detected during these 36 years were Culiseta (Culicella) ochroptera (Peus, 1935) published 1984, Aedes (Aedes) rossicus Dolbeskin, Goritzkaja & Mitrofanova, 1930 published 1986, Anopheles (Anopheles) beklemishevi published 1986, Aedes (Ochlerotatus) euedes (Howard, Dyar & Knab, 1912) published 2001, Aedes (Ochlerotatus) nigrinus (Eckstein, 1918) first recorded in 2012, and Anopheles (Anopheles) algeriensis Theobald, 1903, first recorded in 2013. We provide maps with the distribution by province for each species, including historic information up until 1977, and new records from 1978 to 2013, showing the similarities and differences between the old and the new records. Important findings in recent years include the wide distribution of the Sindbis virus enzootic vector Culex (Culex) torrentium Martinii, 1925, and the more limited distribution of the potential West Nile virus vector Culex (Culex) pipiens Linnaeus, 1758. The updated list of mosquito species in Sweden now includes 49 species.

Keyword
CDC Light Trap, Counter-flow trap, Culicidae, mosquito distribution, mosquito surveillance, Sweden
National Category
Zoology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-11339 (URN)
Available from: 2013-12-02 Created: 2013-12-02 Last updated: 2014-01-14Bibliographically approved
Halling, A. (2009). Konferensrapport DIVERSTAS OSC2: Kapstaden, Sydafrika, 13-16 oktober 2009.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Konferensrapport DIVERSTAS OSC2: Kapstaden, Sydafrika, 13-16 oktober 2009
2009 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Publisher
p. 6
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-5281 (URN)
Available from: 2009-11-11 Created: 2009-11-11 Last updated: 2014-05-18Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A., Unell, L., Carlsson, G. E., Söderfeldt, B. & Halling, A. (2008). Differences in four reported symptoms related to temporomandibular disorders in a cohort of 50-year-old subjects followed up after 10 years. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 66(1), 50-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences in four reported symptoms related to temporomandibular disorders in a cohort of 50-year-old subjects followed up after 10 years
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2008 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 66, no 1, p. 50-7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To assess possible changes in the prevalence of four temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms reported by subjects at age 50 and again 10 years later. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Identical questionnaires were sent out in 1992 and in 2002 to all subjects born in 1942 and living in two Swedish counties. Of those who answered the four questions on TMD symptoms in 1992, 74% responded in 2002 (n=4639). The response alternatives were dichotomized into two groups: 1) No problems and 2) some, rather severe and severe problems. RESULTS: The mean prevalence of TMD-related symptoms reflected small and mainly non-significant changes, whereas the prevalence of reported bruxism was significantly greater at age 60 than at age 50. Among those with no TMD symptoms at age 50, 5-7% of the men and 8-9% of the women reported symptoms at age 60. Of those reporting one or more TMD symptoms at age 50, 47-65% of the men and 40-48% of the women had no symptoms 10 years later. There was a significant and markedly increased risk of reporting TMD symptoms and bruxism (OR>10) at age 60 among those who had symptoms at age 50. CONCLUSIONS: The mean prevalence of reported TMD symptoms was relatively consistent from age 50 to age 60. The group reporting symptoms at the first examination were highly likely still to have the symptoms 10 years later. However, approximately half of the subjects with TMD symptoms at age 50 reported no symptoms at age 60.

Keyword
Bruxism, epidemiology, longitudinal study, orofacial pain, questionnaire
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-40 (URN)10.1080/00016350801922775 (DOI)000253730100009 ()18320419 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2008-12-22 Created: 2008-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
Johansson, G., Söderfeldt, B., Gerdin, E. W., Halling, A., Axtelius, B. & Ostberg, A.-L. (2008). Measuring oral health from a public health perspective. Swedish Dental Journal, 32(3), 125-137
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring oral health from a public health perspective
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2008 (English)In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 125-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper aims to analyse measures of oral health-related quality of life (OHQOL) from a Public Health perspective. Twenty-two measures were analysed conceptually as to their mirroring of the Public Health principles: empowerment, participation, holism and equity. Elements of empowerment were found in connection with application of the measures. Participation was found in using lay opinions during development in 12 measures. All measures analysed had elements of a holistic approach so far that they were not wholly biological. Two measures captured positive health effects. Measures were available for all ages, various languages and populations, an element of equity. No measure was wholly compatible with Public Health. They were based on a utilitarian theory not in full accordance with modern health promotion. There is a need to develop measures that more obviously capture the positive aspects of health and health as a process, as well as the personal perspective of oral health.

Keyword
Measures, oral health, oral health-related quality of life, public health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-15 (URN)000260200100003 ()18973083 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2008-12-19 Created: 2008-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
Halling, A., Halling, A. & Unell, L. (2007). General health and tobacco habits among middle-aged Swedes. European Journal of Public Health, 17(2), 151-154
Open this publication in new window or tab >>General health and tobacco habits among middle-aged Swedes
2007 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 151-154Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Convincing scientific evidence exists that smoking has devastating effects on health. The use of smokeless tobacco (snuff) as a tobacco habit has been reported to be considerably less harmful, and has been suggested as an aid to smoking cessation, among other things. Methods: Cross-sectional data on general health and tobacco habits were obtained through a self-administered mail questionnaire in 2002 representing 50-year-old (n = 6236) and 60-year-old (n = 6232) Swedes in two counties. Participation rates were 70.2 and 75.7% in the both age cohorts, respectively. Of all participants 46.2% were male and 53.8% female. A general health index encompassing five items (score 0-5) was designed, with the best general health attributed to those scoring 5. Results: Male daily smokers accounted for 15.6% of the 50-year-olds and 18.7% of the 60-years-olds compared with 21.1 and 16.6%, respectively, for females. Corresponding figures for daily snuffing were 21.1 and 11.9% for men and 1.7 and 0.4% for women. When adjusting for age, sex, place of living, social network, education, and marital status, and related to subjects who never used tobacco, 'best general health' score 5, significant differences were found for ex-smokers (OR 0.82; 95% CI 0.74-0.90; P < 0.001) and ex-snuffers (OR 0.74; 95% CI 0.61-0.90; P < 0.01). Conclusion: Those who have stopped smoking or snuffing seem to be in a vulnerable condition with respect to general health and in need of extra support and health-promoting activities.

Keyword
Epidemiologic survey, general health, middle-aged men and women, tobacco habits
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-193 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/ckl086 (DOI)000245352200009 ()16777841 (PubMedID)1101-1262 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-02-17 Created: 2009-02-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
Ståhlnacke, K., Söderfeldt, B., Unell, L., Halling, A. & Axtelius, B. (2007). Patient satisfaction with dental care in one Swedish age cohort: part 1 - descriptions and dimensions. Swedish Dental Journal, 31(2), 103-111
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patient satisfaction with dental care in one Swedish age cohort: part 1 - descriptions and dimensions
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2007 (English)In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 103-111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study were to investigate the dimensionality of satisfaction with dental care, to control the reproducibility of the analysis over time, to investigate changes between the two studied years and to relate satisfaction with elapsed time since the most recent visit to dental care. All persons born in 1942 in two counties in Sweden, Orebro and Ostergotland, were surveyed by post in 1992 at the age of 50 and resurveyed at the age of 55. There were 5363 persons responding at both times, constituting the study group. In this study, opinions are analysed about general satisfaction with dental care and about the most recent dental visit. Factor analysis, one-way ANOVA and contingency tables were used. Overall satisfaction was high both as to general satisfaction and as to the most recent dental care visit. Those with their most recent dental visit more than a year ago felt more pain, anxiety and unpleasantness and were also more generally dissatisfied. Of those having experiences of pain, anxiety and unpleasantness at most recent visit, there was an overrepresentation of non regular attenders. Factor analysis showed that the questions used revealed a stable pattern. In conclusion, the overall satisfaction with dental care was high. Differences between the two studied years were small. Persons not visiting dental care within the last year were more dissatisfied both generally and with the most recent visit. A greater number of regular attenders had no feelings of anxiety, pain or unpleasantness at all.

Keyword
Satisfaction with dental care, longitudinal survey, factor analysis, questionnaire design
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-591 (URN)000250725800006 ()17695055 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-03-11 Created: 2009-03-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
Ståhlnacke, K., Söderfeldt, B., Unell, L., Halling, A. & Axtelius, B. (2007). Patient satisfaction with dental care in one Swedish age cohort: part II - what affects satisfaction. Swedish Dental Journal, 31(3), 137-146
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patient satisfaction with dental care in one Swedish age cohort: part II - what affects satisfaction
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2007 (English)In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 137-146Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate satisfaction with dental care in relation to dental care factors, recent dental care experiences, past dental care experiences, general health factors, oral health factors and socio-economic factors and all over time. All persons born in 1942 in two counties in Sweden, Orebro and Ostergötland, were surveyed by post in 1992 at the age of 50, and resurveyed at the age 55. There were 5363 persons responding at both times, constituting the study group. A conceptual theoretical model was constructed to be used as a framework in the analysis. Multiple regression analysis and contingency tables were used. Factors related to satisfaction with dental care were: care organisation, cost for care, visit to dental specialist, time spent in waiting room, regular attendance, reception at dental clinic, feelings of anxiety, taking part of school dentistry, smoking, oral health factors, dental appearance and being dissatisfied 5 years previously. Change between the two study years was affected by perceived oral health, experiences from the most recent dental visit and care organisation. Oral health related factors and dental care factors like cost for care and care organisation were related to satisfaction with dental care. Likewise were experiences from the most recent dental visit and to some extent past care experiences like school dentistry. Almost no correlation was seen between socio-economic factors and satisfaction.

Keyword
Longitudinal survey, questionnaire design, regression analysis, theoretical models
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-592 (URN)000250311800004 ()17970170 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-03-11 Created: 2009-03-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
Sjögren, P. & Halling, A. (2007). Reliability methodology in caries epidemiological studies conducted in the Nordic countries between 1990 and 2001. Community Dental Health, 24(2), 97-104
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reliability methodology in caries epidemiological studies conducted in the Nordic countries between 1990 and 2001
2007 (English)In: Community Dental Health, ISSN 0265-539X, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 97-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To describe and analyse the reporting of methodology relating to reliability in caries epidemiological studies conducted in the Nordic countries between 1990 and 2001. Basic research design. Basic research design Literature searches were conducted in the Medline database, and reference lists of all obtained publications were scrutinised for additional studies. Publications fulfilling the inclusion criteria were assessed for study design, and methodological aspects relating to reliability were assessed according to recommendations for evidence-based medicine (EBM). The frequency of endorsement of the assessed items was analysed. Moreover, the type and strength of evidence was evaluated. Main outcome measures Reporting of predetermined methodological items relating to reliability and the frequency of endorsement of the assessed items were of primary interest. Results Initially, 724 publications were located in the literature searches. Of 133 eligible publications obtained, 32 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and remained throughout the analyses. The majority of the studies reported the reliability methodology, which was generally inadequate. The frequencies of endorsement ranged from 0% to 69 %. All publications contributed to a low strength of evidence. In this context, it was proposed that prospective longitudinal studies with a random sample selection be classified as type-2 (2b) level of evidence. Conclusion There seems to be a need to improve the reporting and the methodology relating to reliability in caries epidemiological publications. Reporting of random sample selection and at least two of the items assessed seems to discriminate between high and low quality with respect to the reported methodology relating to reliability.

Keyword
Dental caries, dentistry, epidemiology evidence-based medicine, public, health, reliability, validity, RANDOMIZED CLINICAL-TRIALS, ICELANDIC URBAN CHILDREN, ORAL-HEALTH, DENTAL-CARIES, MILITARY RECRUITS, SWEDEN, PREVALENCE, AGE, ADOLESCENTS, EXPERIENCE
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-175 (URN)000247251900007 ()17615825 (PubMedID)0265-539X (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-02-12 Created: 2009-02-11 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
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