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Hedin, G., Hagell, P., Norell-Clarke, A., Westergren, A. & Garmy, P. (2019). Adolescent´s experiences of sleep and electronic media use. In: : . Paper presented at Adolescens Health Initiative, Michigan, Detroit, 11-12 april.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescent´s experiences of sleep and electronic media use
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-19301 (URN)
Conference
Adolescens Health Initiative, Michigan, Detroit, 11-12 april
Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-15 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
Hedin, G., Hagell, P., Norell-Clarke, A., Westergren, A. & Garmy, P. (2019). Adolescent´s experiences of sleep and electronic media use. In: : . Paper presented at International Conference Health Conference, Oxford, 26-28 June..
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-19305 (URN)
Conference
International Conference Health Conference, Oxford, 26-28 June.
Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-15 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
Garmy, P. (2019). Stress, smärta och läkemedel. Skolhälsan (1), 18
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stress, smärta och läkemedel
2019 (Swedish)In: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, no 1, p. 18-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Över hälften av flickorna och en tredjedel av pojkarna på gymnasiet har ofta huvudvärk, magkont eller ryggsmärta. Elever som dessutom känner sig nedstämda använder smärtstillande läkemedel i högre utsträckning. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2019
Keywords
Stress, smärta, läkemedel, ungdomar
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-19130 (URN)
Available from: 2019-03-07 Created: 2019-03-07 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved
Garmy, P., Vilhjálmsson, R. & Kristjánsdóttir, G. (2018). Bullying in school-aged children in Iceland: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, 38, 30-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bullying in school-aged children in Iceland: a cross-sectional study
2018 (English)In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 38, p. 30-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: We describe the frequency and variations in bullying among a representative national sample of school-age children and examine whether sociodemographic characteristics are associated with bullying.

DESIGN AND METHODS: This study is based on a cross-sectional school-based survey-the Icelandic contribution to the international research network Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC). The study population included all students in Iceland in grades 6, 8 and 10 (mean ages: 11, 13 and 15years, respectively) (participation rate: 84%; n=11,018). The students completed an anonymous standardized questionnaire administered in the classroom.

RESULTS: The self-reported frequency of being victimized by bullying at least 2-3 times every month was 5.5%. A younger age, speaking a foreign language at home, not living with one's parents, and living in a rural area, were all associated with higher frequencies of being bullied.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite efforts to reduce bullying in school, experiences of being victimized through bullying are still too common among Icelandic school-age children. Stakeholders and school health administrators should consider sociodemographic antecedents when planning interventions to reduce bullying at school.

Keywords
Bullying, Cross-sectional study, School-aged children
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-16848 (URN)10.1016/j.pedn.2017.05.009 (DOI)000423035000007 ()28583432 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved
Garmy, P. & Clausson, E. (2018). DISA: ett skolbaserat program som förebygger depressiva symtom hos ungdomar. In: : . Paper presented at Skolsköterskekongress 2018 - Det medicinska ansvaret.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>DISA: ett skolbaserat program som förebygger depressiva symtom hos ungdomar
2018 (Swedish)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

DISA – ett skolbaserat program som förebygger depressiva symtom hos ungdomar

Pernilla Garmya,b, Eva K Claussona, Agneta Berga, Katarina Steen Carlsson b, och Ulf Jakobsson b

a Fakulteten för Hälsovetenskaper, Högskolan Kristianstad

b Medicinska fakulteten, Lunds universitet

Kontakt: pernilla.garmy@hkr.se

Vad är DISA?

DISA är ett skolbaserat program som bygger på tekniker hämtade från kognitiv beteendeterapi, och leds av skolsköterskor, kuratorer och lärare. Programmet ges under skoltid, vid ett tillfälle á 2 timmar i veckan under 10 veckor i årskurs 8.

 

Fungerar DISA?

Syftet var att undersöka användbarheten och kostnadseffektiviteten av det skolbaserade programmet DISA vas mål är att förebygga stress och depressiva symtom hos ungdomar.

 

Hur genomfördes studien?

Deltagande eleverna gick i årskurs 8 (medianålder: 14 år). 462 elever deltog i DISA (79% flickor) och 486 elever gick i jämförelseskolor och deltog därför inte i DISA (46% flickor). Eleverna besvarade enkäter om sin självskattade hälsa vid start och avslut av DISA, samt efter ett år. Eleverna i jämförelseskolorna besvarade enkäter vid samma intervaller.

 

Resultat:

Självskattade depressiva symtom minskade och den självskattade hälsan ökade hos de elever som deltagit i DISA i signifikant större utsträckning än hos de som inte deltagit i DISA.

 

Slutsats:

Resultatet tyder på att DISA minskar depressiva symtom och stärker ungdomars självskattade hälsa. Kostnaden är låg i förhållande till dess effekt, vilket indikerar att DISA kan anses vara kostnadseffektivt.

Referens:

Garmy, P., Clausson, EK., Berg, A., Steen Carlsson K., Jakobsson, U. (2017) Evaluation of a school-based cognitive behavioral depression prevention program. Scand J Public Health. doi: 10.1177/1403494817746537. [Epub ahead of print]

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29226799

National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17954 (URN)
Conference
Skolsköterskekongress 2018 - Det medicinska ansvaret
Available from: 2018-04-10 Created: 2018-04-10 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved
Garmy, P. & Clausson, E. (2018). För lite sömn och lång skärmtid har samband med övervikt hos skolbarn. In: : . Paper presented at Skolsköterskekongress 2018 - Det medicinska ansvaret.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>För lite sömn och lång skärmtid har samband med övervikt hos skolbarn
2018 (Swedish)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

För lite sömn och lång skärmtid har samband med övervikt hos skolbarn

Pernilla Garmya,b, Eva K Claussona, Per Nyberg b, och Ulf Jakobsson b

a Fakulteten för Hälsovetenskaper, Högskolan Kristianstad

b Medicinska fakulteten, Lunds universitet

 

Kontakt: pernilla.garmy@hkr.se

 

Syfte: I studien undersöktes sömn, tv och datorvanor, och övervikt hos elever i årskurs 4.

Metod: I denna tvärsnittsstudie besvarade 1260 tio-åriga skolbarn en enkät som sömn och medievanor i samband med hälsosamtalet hos skolsköterskan i årskurs 4. I samband med detta besök vägdes och mättes även 1097 av barnen. Beskrivande och analytisk statistik användes.

Resultat:

  • I genomsnitt sov barnen 9½ timma på skolnätter.
  • Ungefär 40 % av barnen rapporterade att de sov mindre än 9 timmar per natt.
  • I genomsnitt gick barnen och lade sig klockan 21:00 på vardagkvällar, och en timma senare på helgen.
  • I genomsnitt tillbringade barnen 1 timma vid tv:n och 1 timma vid datorn varje dag.
  • Förekomsten av övervikt (inklusive fetma) var 18%.
  • Rekommendationen för skolbarn är att sova minst 9 timmar per natt, och kortare sömn än 9 timmar på skolnätter var associerat med övervikt, och skärmtid mer än 2 timmar per dag, samt sömnsvårigheter och trötthet i skolan.

Slutsats: Skolbarn som får för lite sömn har större risk för att ha en övervikt och att spendera mycket tid framför tv och dator. Skolsköterskor har en viktig uppgift att lyfta betydelsen av sunda sömnvanor och rimliga skärmvanor.

 

Referens:

Garmy, P., Clausson EK., Nyberg P., Jakobsson U. (2018) Insufficient Sleep is Associated with Obesity and Excessive Screen time Amongst Ten-year-old Children in Sweden. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2017.11.009.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29157744

National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17955 (URN)
Conference
Skolsköterskekongress 2018 - Det medicinska ansvaret
Available from: 2018-04-10 Created: 2018-04-10 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved
Herrström, K., Larsson, S., Einberg, E.-L., Nilsson, M., Blomqvist, K. & Garmy, P. (2018). Metodutveckling i litteraturbaserat examensarbete inom sjuksköterskeprogrammet. In: : . Paper presented at NU2018, Det akademiska lärarskapet, 9-11 oktober.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metodutveckling i litteraturbaserat examensarbete inom sjuksköterskeprogrammet
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2018 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Educational Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-19769 (URN)
Conference
NU2018, Det akademiska lärarskapet, 9-11 oktober
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Garmy, P. & Ward, T. M. (2018). Sleep habits and nighttime texting among adolescents. Journal of School Nursing, 34(2), 121-127
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sleep habits and nighttime texting among adolescents
2018 (English)In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 121-127Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine sleep habits (i.e., bedtimes and rising times) and their association with nighttime text messaging in 15- to 17-year-old adolescents. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from a web-based survey of adolescent students attending secondary schools in southern Sweden ( N = 278, 50% female). Less than 8 hr of time in bed during school nights was significantly associated with more sleep difficulties, wake time variability on school days and weekends, daytime tiredness, and less enjoyment at school (all ps < .05). Sending and/or receiving text messages (Short Message Service [SMS]) at night was significantly associated with later bedtimes, shorter time in bed, daytime tiredness during school, and irregular sleep habits ( p < .05). These findings highlight the importance of regular, consistent sleep habits and the problems associated with sleeping with a cell phone in the bedroom.

Keywords
Adolescents, school nursing, sleep deficiency, sleep habits, social jet lag, texting
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-16681 (URN)10.1177/1059840517704964 (DOI)000429960400005 ()28421911 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-04-24 Created: 2017-04-24 Last updated: 2018-05-14Bibliographically approved
Garmy, P., Berg, A., Clausson, E., Hagell, P. & Jakobsson, U. (2017). Psychometric analysis of the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) in adolescents. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 45(3), 253-259
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychometric analysis of the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) in adolescents
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2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 253-259Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) in an adolescent population. Methods: The investigation was performed among Swedish students aged 13–15 years (n = 817; 58% girls). The SHIS was assessed for respondent acceptability, and its psychometric properties were evaluated according to classical test theory (regarding unidimensionality, targeting, reliability, and external construct validity). Results: The adolescents found it easy to complete the questionnaire, which was completed in an average of 4 minutes. Exploratory factor analysis, which is based on polychoric correlations, identified one factor, supporting the instrument’s unidimensionality. Floor/ceiling effects were ⩽ 3.3%. Reliability estimates yielded a Cronbach’s alpha value of 0.93; the test–retest reliability (n = 50; 2-week interval) coefficients were 0.89 for the total SHIS score and 0.52–0.79 for item scores. Spearman correlations with other variables were based on a priori expectations (self-rated general health, 0.595; depressive symptoms, −0.773; anxiety, −0.577; and sleep problems, 0.519). Conclusions: Our observations support both the acceptability and the psychometric properties of the SHIS as a brief, unidimensional assessment tool for salutogenic health in adolescents. Further studies using modern test theory are needed to better understand the measurement properties of the SHIS, including the functioning of its response categories and its comparability between adolescents and adults.

Keywords
Psychometric evaluation, adolescents, salutogenic health indicator scale
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-16640 (URN)10.1177/1403494816680801 (DOI)000400160200007 ()27940537 (PubMedID)
Funder
Sven Jerring FoundationMarcus and Amalia Wallenberg FoundationThe Crafoord Foundation
Available from: 2017-04-26 Created: 2017-04-26 Last updated: 2017-11-06Bibliographically approved
Garmy, P. & Ward, T. M. (2017). Sömnvanor och SMS på natten hos ungdomar. In: : . Paper presented at Skolsköterskornas kongress, Göteborg.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sömnvanor och SMS på natten hos ungdomar
2017 (Swedish)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Resultatet från denna studie pekar på betydelsen av regelbundna sömnvanor, och de problem som är associerade med att sova med en mobiltelefon i sovrummet.

National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-17439 (URN)
Conference
Skolsköterskornas kongress, Göteborg
Available from: 2017-10-12 Created: 2017-10-12 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1643-0171

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